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Device Copyright Rules Affecting Global Health


NBC Nightly News - August 22, 2016 美国版权禁止非洲医院修复二手医疗设备。 U.S. copyrights prevent African hospitals from fixing second-hand devices when broken.

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Kyle Wiens, CEO, iFixit: We see medical devices that are used in developing countries. You'll take something like a vital sign monitor, like I've got this Welch Allyn vital sign monitor. It's very high-tech, very modern. It's got a lot of the same components in it that you'd see in a laptop. And you use it here for a while, and then, you take it to Kenya and you plug it into a hospital there, and it works great for a month, and then they have a brownout where the voltage goes from 120 volts to 80 volts, and all of a sudden, you have a lot more current flowing through this thing, and it will burn out components in that vital sign monitor in Africa that would have never failed here. And, the service manual from the manufacturer doesn't include repairing these scenarios because they didn't anticipate it. And that's where you start to get into a level of information about the product that the manufacturers are not willing to provide. You need the actual schematic for the device. And so, there's a guy in Tanzania who gets the information on how to repair all of these medical devices and puts them on the web. And he has a wonderful website. It's called "Frank's Hospital Workshop". And he has service manuals for devices from Medtronic and Welch Allyn and GE and all kinds of medical device manufacturers. [He] puts them online and very quickly, he gets legal notices from the medical device manufacturers, saying "We do not want people in Africa to know how to repair our medical equipment." And it's absolutely crazy that manufacturers are using copyright as a way of killing equipment. They're saying "We don't want anyone to be able to repair that because we want you to go and buy a new one from us," even though the hospital in Tanzania is never going to be able to afford the equipment.
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  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    absolutely 当然可以
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    all of a sudden 突然地,出乎意料地
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anticipate 【及物动词】1. 预期,预测;期待 2. 预支,预付 3. 抢先于 4. 促进,提早,使提前发生; 【不及物动词】预测,预言,预感
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    component 组件【名词】组成部分,构件,分量,成分,组分,元件,部件,组成,零件
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    copyright 版权【名词】1. 版权,著作权 (copyright reserved 版权所有); 2. 形容词 版权的,著作权的; 3. 及物动词 为(书等)取得版权
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    developing country 发展中国家
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    device 设备【名词】1. 设计,计划;方法,手段; 2. 意志,欲望; 3. 谋略,策略,诡计; 4. 器具,器械,设备,装置; 5. 图案,图样;花样;纹章;标记,商标;(纹章上的)题铭
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    device manufacturer 医疗装置制造商
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    digital exclusive 数字化消息独家报道
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    equipment 设备【名词】1. (常 pl.)设备,装备,配件,配备物品; 2. (一个企业除房地产以外的)固定资产; 3. (工作必需的)知识,技能,修养; 4. (火车)车辆;(汽车等)运输配备
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    highlight 突出显示【及物动词】在…上投上强光;强调,使显著;【美剧】派给;当主角; 【名词】(画中受光最多的)明亮部份;(常 pl.)(演出等的)精彩场面,精彩节目;(报纸中等)特讯,要闻;要点
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    hospital 医院【名词】院,住院
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    interview 【名词】1. 接见;面谈;面试 2. (记者的)访问;采访 3. 口头审查 【及物动词】接见;会见;(记者)访谈
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Kenya 肯尼亚◆ Republic of Kenya
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    know-how 知识
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    legal 法律【形容词】1. 法律(上)的; 2. 法定的,合法的,正当的; 3. 【宗教】按照摩西律法的;【名词】1. 法定权利; 2. 依法必须登报的声明; 3. (pl.) 储蓄银行[信托公司]可以用来投资的证券
  • legal notice 法律通知 ;法律声明
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    manufacturer 【名词】制造商; 生产厂家; 制造者
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    medical device 医疗装置
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    medical device manufacturer 医疗装置制造商
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    medical equipment 医疗设备
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    monitor 监视器 【名词】1. 告诫物,提醒物;忠告者;劝告[告诫、警告]者; 2. 班[级]长,教务助理生,导生; 3. 水枪,喷射口; 4. 【航海】浅水炮舰; 5. 【无线电】(对外国广播等的)监听员[器]; 6. 【计算机】(电脑的)显示器; 【不及物动词】【无线电】监听(外国广播);监督,监视;监控;检验,检查;调节;探索,追踪
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    plug 插头;塞子;栓
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    scenario 【名词】(意大利语) 1. 剧情说明; 电影脚本 2. 事态,局面 3. 方案;设想
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    schematic 【名词】电路图; 原理图 【形】1.图表的,图解的 2.概要的
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    Tanzania 坦桑尼亚
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    vital 【形容词】1. 至关重要的;维持生命所必需的 2. 充满活力的 3. 致命的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    vital sign 生命体征
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    vital sign monitor 生命体征监测仪
  • volt 伏特
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    voltage 电压【名词】压
Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615