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Does Zika Cause Brain Damage in Adults?


NBC News - August 18, 2016 在考虑进行茲卡病毒疫苗有偿志愿者试验时令人不安的病情进展报告。 Disturbing development reported as vaccine tests in paid volunteers considered.

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Lisa Spooner, Anchor, NBC2 News: And we begin with breaking news tonight: An eighth case of the Zika virus [has been] confirmed in Lee County, so that brings the total number of cases here in Southwest Florida to 13. Nearly 600 people in all of Florida have contracted the virus.
Peter Busch, Anchor, NBC2 News:
And another NBC2 Zika alert: The virus could be even more dangerous than we thought. New research suggests [that] it could cause brain damage for adults as well.
LS: Now, this disturbing development comes as the U.S. begins testing new vaccines, but those trials require volunteers. NBC2's Nestor Mato spoke to people who say this new danger to adults could scare volunteers away. Nestor?
Nestor Mato, Anchor, NBC2 News: Well, the plan is for paid volunteers to be injected with the Zika virus to see if the experimental vaccines work, but that may be a hard sell because of this new study. The U.S. government is now working on a vaccine to stop the spread of the Zika virus by the end of the year. Paid volunteers could be injected with different amounts of lab-grown Zika to test vaccines.
WOMAN: I think it would be good to get a vaccine for people, but i don't think I could do it.
NM: And doctors worry [that] more and more people will feel the same way, which could delay a vaccine.
Dr. Sujatha Ramamurthy: We do need volunteers in the name of research, but i think that's a little bit frightening to me because we don't know necessarily how severe the cases could become.
NM: New research using mice at Rockefeller University found Zika could affect more than just the brain development of a fetus. Evidence suggests adult brain cells critical to learning and memory could also be damaged.
WOMAN: A shock that it's expanding, you know, that the problems that you get with Zika.
NM: Mark Lawhon thought Zika was only an issue for pregnant women.
MAN: It's scary, that's for sure.
WOMAN: It could be like an epidemic of mosquitoes and lots of people get sick.
NM: Dr. Sujatha Ramamurthy of Fort Myers says the virus has already been linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults. [It's] a rare paralyzing illness. She says [that] the more we learn about Zika, the more serious the situation is becoming.
SR: We're going to learn about Zika whether we want to or not, because there's going to be more cases. There's going to be more wide spread.
NM: And just today, news that local transmissions of Zika could be spreading in Miami-Dade County. The health department is working on confirming reports of two new Zika cases linked to mosquitoes on Miami Beach. In the newsroom, Nestor Mato, NBC2.
PB: And new tonight, Governor Rick Scott says the state will try and help any businesses that may have been impacted by the Zika virus. Businesses in Miami-Dade can submit a claim for lost revenue and the state may help reimburse them.

  • adult brain 成人脑
  • adult brain cells critical to learning and memory 对学习和记忆至关重要的成人脑细胞
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    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
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    brain 大脑【名词】1. 脑,(pl.)脑髓;(俚语)计算机;(导弹的)制导系统; 2. (常 pl.)智力,智能,智慧,脑力;头脑; 3. (口语)聪明人;(口语)(pl.)智囊,出谋划策者
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    brain cell 脑细胞
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    brain damage 脑损伤
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    brain development 大脑发育
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    breaking news 爆炸新闻;即时新闻
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    by the end of the year 到今年年底
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    cell 细胞【名词】单元格,电池,牢房,单元,胞,手机,小区
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    claim 索赔【名词】1. (根据权利而提出的)要求,请求;认领,索取; 2. (应得的)权利;(…的)资格; 3. 主张,断言,声称,自称; 4. 要求权;要求物;(矿区等的)申请购买地; 【及物动词】1. 要求(应得权利); 2. 主张,断言;声称,自称;要求承认; 3. 理应获得,值得(重视等),需要(注意等),赢得; 【不及物动词】(罕用语)要求赔偿损失
  • confirmed report 确认报告
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    contract 合同【名词】1. 契约,合同; 2. 婚约; 3. 承包(合约); 4. 【法律】契约法; 5. 【牌戏】定约,合约桥牌; 【及物动词】1. 订(约),立(合同);约定; 2. 订婚(通例用被动语态),把…许配给; 3. 结交(朋友等); 4. 招,患(病),染(恶习); 5. 负债; 【不及物动词】订约;订婚;承包
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    contracted the virus 染上该病毒
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    county 县【名词】1. (英国)郡; 2. (英国)郡中世家,郡中社交频繁的阶层;全郡居民; 3. (美国)县
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    critical 【形容词】1.关键性的,决定性的 2. 危险的,危急的;严重的 3. 批判的,批评的 4. 吹毛求疵的;爱挑剔别人的 (of, about)【医学】危象的;极期的 【数,物】临界的
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    damages 【法律】 赔偿损失;赔偿金
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    disturbing 令人不安的【及物动词】1. 搅乱,扰乱;打扰; 2. 使不安,使烦恼; 3. 妨害,妨碍;侵犯(权利); 【不及物动词】妨碍睡眠[休息等]
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    epidemic 【名词】1. 流行病,传染病;疫情,瘟疫 2. (风尚等的)流行;(流行病的)蔓延 【形容词】1. 传染病; 2. 流行性的
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    evidence 【名词】1. 证据 2. 形迹;迹象 3. 【法律】证据,证人;证词 4.明显;显著; 【及物动词】1. 证明; 2. 显示
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    experimental 实验【形容词】试验
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    experimental vaccine 实验性疫苗
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
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    fetus 胎儿
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    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
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    frightened 【及物动词】使恐惧, 吓坏了【不及物动词】惊恐,害怕
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    government 政府【名词】港府
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    governor 【名词】1. 统治者,管辖者; 2. 地方长官,总督;(美国)州长;(英国)狱长; 3. (英国机构等的)主管人员 4. (英口)父亲;头领; 5. 【机械】调速器,限速器
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    Guillain-Barré syndrome 格林-巴利综合征;急性感染性多发性神经根炎◆【略】GBS
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    health department 卫生部门
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    illness 病症【名词】病,不健康
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    inject 注入【及物动词】1. 注入,注射; 2. 注满; 3. 插入(意见等); 4. 把…射入(轨道); 5. 【机械工程】喷射,引射 local transmission
  • local transmission 本地传播
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    marking 标识【名词】1. 作记号;记分;记号,印记,点;(尤指鸟兽的皮、羽毛等的)斑纹,条纹; 2. 【商业】(支票的)认付; 【形容词】赋与特征的,使显眼的
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    mice 老鼠【名词】(pl.) mouse
  • number of cases 病例数
  • paid volunteer 有偿志愿者
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    paralyze 【及物动词】使麻痹,使瘫痪,使无力,使气馁
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    pregnant 【形容词】1. 怀孕的; 怀胎的 2. 富有意义的
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    pregnant woman 孕妇;怀孕的女性
  • rare paralyzing illness 罕见的麻痹性疾病
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    reimburse 偿还【及物动词】偿还,付还,赔还,赔偿,补偿
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    revenue 收入【名词】1. (国家的)岁入;税收;(土地、财产等的)收入,收益,所得;(个人的)固定收入;总收入;收入项目;财源; 2. 税务署;(美俚)税务官
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    severe 严重【形容词】重症,重型,严峻,严厉,剧烈,恶劣,厉害,重
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    shock 【名词】颤抖,战栗; 【及物动词】颤抖,打碎; 【不及物动词】 颤抖,哆嗦,打碎
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    syndrome 综合征【名词】1. 综合症,症候群; 2. (某一事物的)全部特征;特征群;(具有某种共同性的不同事物的)集合
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    transmission 传染; 传送
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    vaccine 疫苗【名词】1. 疫苗,牛痘苗;菌苗; 2. 【计算机】免疫程序软件,抗病毒软件
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    virus 病毒【名词】1. 病毒 2. (病毒引起的)病毒病 3.毒液; 恶意,恶毒 4.计算机病毒
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    Zika virus 茲卡(Zika)病毒
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