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EpiPen Cost Spike Worries Patients


CBS Evening News - August 16, 2016 愈加昂贵不堪的肾上腺素笔(EpiPen)使数百万人面临有可能威及生命的过敏反应风险。 Millions are at risk of potentially life-threatening anaphylaxis as EpiPens become less affordable.

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Scott Pelley, Anchor, CBS Evening News: 43 million Americans are at risk for anaphylaxis, a potentially life-threatening reaction to anything from bee stings to peanut butter. They must carry EpiPens everywhere they go, but the cost is soaring. We asked Vinita Nair to find out why:
WOMAN: This is Annie's fanny pack.
Vinita Nair, Reporter, CBS News: Justin and Lexi Henneger say the EpiPen has saved their daughter's life twice. The first time Elly was 2.
WOMAN: Her lips turned blue. She started swelling. She wasn't able to breathe.
VN: The cause? A severe allergic reaction to certain foods. Elly is among 1 in 13 children affected by food allergies.
MAN: It's just a fear that we live in kind of all the time...of every time we leave the house: Do you have your EpiPen? Do you have your EpiPen?
VN: The injectors on those EpiPens need to be replaced each year, and those costs are soaring. The Hennegers remember paying about $100 for a 2-pack six years ago. Today, that same pack costs as much as $600 - a 500% increase. All of it for a drug that delivers just one or two dollars worth of the life-saving hormone epinephrine.
Leon Tarasenko, Pharmacist: I don't think it's fair for the patient.
VN: Leon Tarasenko is the owner of Pasteur Pharmacy in New York City.
LT: It is a problem for some people, you know? I have seen it.
VN: The price hike began in 2007, just after the drugmaker, Mylan, acquired the product, quickly making it a household name. It became a virtual monopoly for the drugmaker, after a competitor took a similar product off the market. In a statement, Mylan tells CBS News [that] the price increase reflects a significant investment to support the device over the years, but added [that] they are "committed to find solutions to meet the needs of the patients and families we serve." The company offers coupons to reduce the price for some families. For others, like the Hennegers, that now means tightening the family budget to pay for this crucial device. Vinita Nair, CBS News, Indianapolis, Indiana.

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    allergic 过敏【形容词】1. 过敏症的,变(态反)应性的; 2. (俚语)神经过敏的,敏感的;憎恶的
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    allergic reaction 过敏反应
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    allergy 【名词】过敏性;过敏症;变态反应性
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    anaphylaxis 全身性过敏反应;过敏症
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    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • bee sting 蜜蜂螫;蜂螫伤
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    breathing 呼吸【形容词】1. 呼吸的,活的; 2. (画像等)栩栩如生的; 【名词】1. 呼吸;通气,供氧; 2. 空气的微微流动,微风;(香气的)飘溢; 3. 愿望,向往;(意见的)发表,表示;发言; 4. 【语言学】气息音,气音符号; 5. 歇息,休息; 6. 【化学】放气;【电学】(电压器的)受潮;(送话器电阻的)周期性小变化
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    budget 预算 【名词】1. 预算,预算案。; 2. 经营费;生活费;(有限制的)供应,来源。; 3. (古语)(方言)小皮包;小皮包中的东西。; 4. (比喻)(书信等的)一束,一捆;(要闻)汇编(作报名用)。; 预算 【及物动词】1. 把…编入预算;按预算来安排(生活、工程等)。; 预算 【不及物动词】1. 编预算。; 2. 作好安排。
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    competitor 竞争对手【名词】竞争者;敌手
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    coupon 优惠券【名词】1. 【商业】(附在证券上的)息票;(火车等使用一次剪下一张的)票,通票; 2. 【商业】赠券;(连在广告上的)预约券,优待券; 3. 配给票; 4. (英俚)(政党领袖提出的)候选人名单; 5. 【技术】试样,试件,试棒,试片,切片
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    crucial 【形容词】1. 决定性的,关键的;极重要的 2.严酷的,严重的 3. 十字形的; 交叉状的
  • crucial device 至关重要的装置
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    device 设备【名词】1. 设计,计划;方法,手段; 2. 意志,欲望; 3. 谋略,策略,诡计; 4. 器具,器械,设备,装置; 5. 图案,图样;花样;纹章;标记,商标;(纹章上的)题铭
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    drugged 【及物动词】用药麻醉;使服药;使服毒品
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    drugmaker 制药公司
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    epinephrine 肾上腺素
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    family budget 家庭预算
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    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
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    food allergy 食物过敏
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    hike 徒步旅行【不及物动词】1. 步行;作长途徒步旅行,行军;散步; 2. 飞起,扬起,飘起; 3. (美俚)在高空检修电线; 【及物动词】1. 拉起,使升起; 2. 猛提(价格);(美俚)涂改(支票以提高票面金额); 【名词】1. 徒步旅行;散步;行军; 2. 提高,增加
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    hormone 激素【名词】荷尔蒙,激素,内分泌
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    household 家庭【名词】1. (集合词)全家人;(包含人在内的)家眷,家属,家里人;家庭,户; 2. 家务; 3. (the H-) (英国) 王室; 4. (英国) (pl.) 次等面粉; 【形容词】1. 家庭的,家内的,一家的; 2. (H-) 王室的; 3. 家常的,普通的
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    household name 家喻户晓的名字
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    housing 壳体; 住房
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    Indiana 印地安那州(美国中部的州)
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    injector 喷油器【名词】1. 注射者;注射器,针管; 2. 【机械工程】喷射器,喷注器,喷雾器,喷头
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    investment 投资【名词】1. 投资;投资额;(时间、资本等的)投入;投入资金的东西; 2. 授职(仪式);授权; 3. 包围,封锁; 4. 覆盖
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    life-saving 救命;救生的
  • life-saving hormone 救生激素
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    life-threatening 威胁生命的
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    life-threatening reaction 危及生命的反应
  • lip
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    monopoly 垄断【名词】1. 垄断[独占](权),专利(权); 2. 垄断[专利]公司;独占[专利]事业; 3. 专利品
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    off the market 从市场撤出
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    offering 提供【名词】1. 提议;提供; 2. 贡献;供品,祭品,(给教会的)捐款; 3. 礼物; 4. (上市的)股票,公债;出售物; 5. 课程
  • peanut butter 花生酱
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    pharmacist 药剂师;药学家;调剂员
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    pharmacy 药房 【名词】1. 配药学,药学; 2. 制药业; 3. 药房; 4. (一批)备用药品
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    potentially 有可能【副词】潜在地,有潜在可能性地
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    potentially life-threatening 可能危及生命的
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    price hike 涨价;提价
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    price increase 价格上涨; 价格的提高
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    reflect 反映【及物动词】反映出,体现,反射,反省,反思,折射出,反应
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    savings 储蓄【名词】积蓄,节省,节约,存款,储蓄存款
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    severe 严重【形容词】重症,重型,严峻,严厉,剧烈,恶劣,厉害,重
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    severe allergic reaction 严重的过敏反应
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    significant investment 重大投资
  • similar product 类似的产品
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    soar 翱翔【不及物动词】1. 高飞,翱翔,飞上去; 2. 耸立,屹立; 3. (物价)飞涨,暴腾,猛增;(思想等)向上; 4. 【航空】滑翔; 【及物动词】(诗)飞翔到,高飞到
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    solution 解决方案【名词】1. 溶解;溶液,溶体,溶剂; 2. (补轮胎用的)橡胶水;(美国)药水; 3. 解决,解答; 解释;(数学等的)解法,解式; 4. 免除,解除; 5.【医学】消散,消退
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    statement 声明【名词】语句,份声明,陈述,发表声明,报表,说法,表,发言
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    swelling 【名词】肿胀;增大;膨胀;隆起 【形】 膨胀的;肿大的;突起的
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    the House 众议院◆ House of Representatives (HR)
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    threaten 威胁【及物动词】1. 恐吓,恫吓,威胁; 2. 预示凶兆,有…的危险; 【不及物动词】像要发生;快要来临
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    tighten 拧紧【及物动词, 不及物动词】收紧,拉紧,抽紧;绷紧;固定
  • tighten the family budget 紧缩家庭预算
  • virtual monopoly 实际上的垄断
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