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Cupping Therapy a Pain Solution?


ABC Good Morning America - August 9, 2016 作为一种补充和替代疗法,中国古老的拔罐法正在受到运动员的青睐。 "Cupping" is an ancient Chinese healing technique that is gaining popularity among athletes as a complementary and alternative medicine.

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Lara Spencer, Anchor, Good Morning America: A hot health trend. It's also happening at the Olympics. It's called "cupping", and swimmer Michael Phelps and gymnast Alex Naddour are sporting bruises that are these red circles. They're signs of the ancient Chinese healing technique. So, here to break down the science behind it [is] Dr. Jen Ashton and Jill Blakeway, doctor of acupuncture and Chinese medicine, Director of the YinOva Center here in New York. I'm going to start with you, Dr. Jen. You know two Olympians personally who use this [and] lots of other people. Why?
Dr. Jennifer Ashton, Chief Medical Correspondent, Good Morning America: They're ice hockey players, we should qualify, they're not in Rio right now, but I think it speaks to the interest in complementary and alternative medicine, so-called "CAM". It's been done - this, cupping - has been reported from ancient Egyptian times to ancient Chinese, thousands of years; everything old is new again.
LS: I'm going to ask you, Jill, you say it's like an inverse massage? What is it doing for our muscles [and] for our body?
Jill Blakeway, Director, YinOva Center: Well, I always tell people it's like doing massage in reverse in some ways. It's pulling up. And if you can imagine a tight, tense muscle, how good that feels when it pulls up and loosens the pressure. It also brings lots of blood and lymph to the area, so it's clearing away debris, and it's repairing tissue. It's a good thing.
LS: Couldn't you just do that with massage? To see Michael Phelps with those big circles on his shoulders and back, why wouldn't he just have his physical trainer massaging him?
JB: Well, the circles are all the blood and lymph that's being moved the area, and if you can imagine it's then taking debris away and correcting micro-tears and realigning muscle fibers. It's a much deeper modality than massage in some ways.
JA: So, we should be clear though, Lara, in Western medicine...
LS: We forgot to mention there's heat involved...(JB: There's fire involved.)...Why is there heat involved?...(JB: We use the fire to take the oxygen out of the cup, and then it sucks up the air.)
LS: And it literally sucks your skin and Logan, your skin, it looks like a giant sort of ball of your skin. How does it feel?...(MAN: It's great. It's super-relaxing.)...It is? You're in a zone right now?...(MAN: Yeah, in a zone.)...You know you're on live national television, right?...(MAN: Yeah, but you know, this is very comfortable.)...Just checking.
JA: He's getting body hickeys. Those are not the medical term...(LS: What were you going to say?)...We have to be clear: In Western peer-reviewed medical literature, there is scant to no scientific data to support whether or not this works. There have been some reports that people feel better, but we need to remember that this has been done for thousands of years, and just because we haven't studied it doesn't mean there's no validity there. You just have to proceed with caution. Go to a licensed therapist, one who specializes in Traditional Chinese Medicine or acupuncture or cupping, and understand that it definitely needs more study. But it's all about the fascia, as Jill said, a myofascial decompression, that tight band of tissue, like Saran Wrap, that encapsulates our muscles. And the thinking is that these suction cups literally loosen up that fascia, speed recovery [and] flexibility and bring more blood flow to the area, but it definitely needs more study.
LS: OK. And Logan seems very happy and comfortable. And Jill, this is for people who just have tight muscles? Is it just for athletes or is a great way to just decompress?
JB: Well, traditionally in Chinese medicine, it's been used for all sorts of things, including gynecology and digestive problems, but yes, we use it a lot for people with muscular problems and fascias.
LS: All right, and you will have those little red marks if you do it, but Logan seems just fine with that. I want to say thank you to Jill. I want to say thank you to Dr. Jen.

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    acupuncture 针灸【名词】针刺(法); 【及物动词】对…施行针刺疗法
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    alternative 【名词】供替代的选择;替换物; 备选 【形容词】供选择的;选择性的;交替的
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    alternative medicine 替代医学;(有别于西医的)另类医疗
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    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • ancient Chinese healing technique 中国古老的治疗技术
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    band 【1名词】1. 带,绳;箍;嵌条;镶边;锯条; 2. 束缚,羁绊;义务 3. 【建筑】带形装饰,带花;【生物学】横纹; 4. 【物理学】频带,波段;光带;【机械工程】调带;【地质学;地理学】夹层;【无线电】波段; 5. (装订)钉书线,缀线; 【及物动词】1. 用带捆扎; 2. 在…上加条饰[镶边]
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    blood 血液【名词】1. 血,血液;生命液; 2. 血族,血统;种族;家族(关系);家世;门第;名门,门阀;贵族血统; 3. 生命,活力;元气; 4. 流血,杀戮,杀人(罪),牺牲; 5. 血气;气质,气性,脾气;热情;激怒;肉欲;兽欲; 6. (主英)血气方刚的人;花花公子,纨袴子; 7. (集合词)人员; 8. (树木、果子等的)赤色汁液;(美俚)蕃茄酱; 9. (马的)纯种
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    blood flow 血流;血流量
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    break down 1. 分解;解释 2.故障; 瓦解; 中断
  • break down the science behind it 解析其背后的科学
  • bruising 瘀血
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    caution 谨慎【名词】1. 小心,谨慎,慎重; 2. 警惕;告诫,警告; 3. (苏格兰语)【法律】担保,保证; 4. (口语)须警惕的事[人];怪物,怪人; 【及物动词】使小心,警告告诫; 【不及物动词】告诫
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Chief Medical Correspondent 首席医疗记者
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    Chinese medicine 中医;中医学;中药
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    complementary 互补【形容词】补充的;补足的;互补的;【生物学】互配(力)的
  • complementary and alternative medicine 补充和替代医学◆【略】CAM
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    correspondent 通讯记者【名词】通信者;通讯员;【商业】外地客户,外地代理店
  • cupping 拔罐疗法;拔火罐;杯吸法
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    debris 碎片【名词】1. (破坏物的)碎片,破片; 2. 【地质学;地理学】岩屑; 3. (登山中遇到的崩落的)冰块堆
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    decompression 【名词】减压;减压术
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    digestive 【形容词】1. 消化的;助消化的 2. 【化学】浸煮的; 【名词】消化剂
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    director 主管【名词】1. 指挥者,监督人,管理人; 总监;院长;所长;主任 2.理事,董事;经理 3. 【戏剧】导演【音乐】指挥 4. 引向器; 指示器; 导向偶极子
  • encapsulate 封装
  • fascia 1. [医] 筋膜;筋膜状组织 2.【建筑学】过梁横带 3. 扁带,饰带 4. 仪表板
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    fiber 纤维【名词】光纤,纤,纤维素
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    fine 罚款
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    flexibility 灵活性【名词】1. 揉屈性,挠性,柔(韧)性; 2. 机动性,灵活性; 3. 弹性,塑性;(光的)折射性
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    gynecology 妇科【名词】妇科学
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    heal 治愈【及物动词】1. 医治,治愈(病伤等);使恢复健康; 2. 使恢复;使和解; 【不及物动词】(病)痊愈,恢复健康
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    interest 利益【名词】兴趣,利息,感兴趣,权益,利率,趣味,关注,关心,爱好
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    license 许可证【名词】许可,执照,驾照,营业执照,牌照,牌,授权,证
  • licensed therapist 执照治疗师
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    literally 【副词】1. 照字义;逐字地 2. 实际地;确实地 3. [口语]差不多;简直
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    literature 文学【名词】文献,文学作品,文学史,文献资料,文学奖,文艺
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    lymph 淋巴,淋巴液
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    marking 标识【名词】1. 作记号;记分;记号,印记,点;(尤指鸟兽的皮、羽毛等的)斑纹,条纹; 2. 【商业】(支票的)认付; 【形容词】赋与特征的,使显眼的
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    massage 按摩【名词】1. 按摩(术),推拿(法); 2. 【计算机】(数据等的)窜改; 【及物动词】1. 按摩,推拿; 2. 【计算机】(电子计算机)处理,分理;窜改(数据); 3. 精心培植(人事关系)
  • medical correspondent 医疗记者
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    medical literature 医学文献
  • medical term 医学术语
  • microtear 细微撕裂
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    modality 用药方式;方法;形式
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    muscle 肌肉【名词】【解剖学】肌(肉);体力,膂力,力气; 【不及物动词】发挥膂力;用力挤着前进;muscle in 硬挤进;干涉,侵入;强夺
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    muscle fiber 肌纤维
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    muscular 肌肉【形容词】1. 肌(肉)的; 2. 肌肉发达的,有膂力的,壮健的
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    myofascial 肌筋膜
  • myofascial decompression 肌筋膜减压
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    oxygen 氧气【名词】【化学】氧,氧气
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    peer 同行【1名词】1. 贵族; 2. 同辈,同事,伙伴;同等的人;同等地位的公民;【1及物动词】1. 可与…相比,和…同等; 2. 把…封为贵族; 【不及物动词】同等,比得上; 【不及物动词】1. 瞪着看,凝视; 2. 朦胧出现,隐约可见;出现
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    peer review 同行评审
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    pressure 压力【名词】压,气压,压强,高压,加压
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    proceed with caution 谨慎行事; 慎重其事
  • proceeding 【名词】诉讼;【及物动词】此案,跟进,出发,进行
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    recovery 恢复【名词】1. 重获;复得;恢复,收回,回收; 2. 还原,复原;痊愈;苏生;矫正; 3. 回缩; 4. 填地; 5. 【法律】胜诉
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    rights [法] 权利;权限;权益 [All rights reserved] 版权所有
  • scant to no scientific data 缺乏科学资料
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    scientific 科学【形容词】科学化,科学性,科技,科研
  • scientific data 科学数据; 科学资料
  • shoulder 肩膀【名词】肩,肩部,肩关节,肩头,肩负着;肩负【及物动词】承担
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    skin 皮肤【名词】肌肤,皮,肤,护肤,表皮,肤色
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    so-called 【形容词】所谓的;号称的(常含贬义)
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    specialize 【及物动词】1. 【生物学】分化;(使)特化,(使)专化 2. (使)特化,(使)专门化 3. 专门从事 4. 专用于; 限定于 5. 详细说明;特加指明 【不及物动词】1. 专门研究,专攻 2. 逐条详述。 [specialized]【形容词】专业的;专门的 【生物学】专化的,特化的
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    speed 加速【及物动词】加速;催促,促进;【不及物动词】速度增加
  • speed recovery 快速康复;快速恢复
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    suction 吸【名词】1. 吸,吸引,吸入;吸力; 2. 吸气,吸气通风;【物理学】空吸; 3. (英国)喝酒; 4. 吸水管
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    technique 技术【名词】1. (专门)技术;(艺术上的)技巧,技能; 2. 手法(如画法,演奏法等); 3. 方法
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    therapist 治疗师【名词】治疗学家
  • tight muscle 紧肌
  • tight, tense muscle 紧绷的肌肉
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    tissue 组织【名词】1. 薄绢,薄纱罗(等织物); 2. 薄纸,棉纸; 3. (编造的谎话等的)一套,一连串; 4.【摄影】碳素印像纸; 5.【生物学】组织
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    Traditional Chinese Medicine 传统中医◆【略】TCM
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    trainer 1. 训练员; 运动医疗助理 2.驯兽师 3. 训练器材;教练机 4.【园艺学】枝架
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    validity 有效性【名词】1. 正确,正当,妥当,确实性; 2. 【法律】有效,真确,合法性; 3. 【哲学】效准
  • Western medicine 西药
  • Western peer-reviewed medical literature 西方同行评审的医学文献
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