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DEET Mosquito Repellent Safe in Pregnancy?


CBS This Morning - August 10, 2016 孕妇使用驱蚊胺(DEET)的安全性问题。 U.S. officials question whether mosquito repellents containing DEET are safe for pregnant women to use.

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Elaine Quijano, Anchor, CBS This Morning: In today's Morning Rounds, the fight against Zika. Florida has reported four new cases of the virus, spread by local mosquitoes. There are now 21 total non-travel-related cases in Palm Beach, Broward and Miami-Dade counties. As the number of infections rises across the U.S., health officials are urging people to use mosquito repellents, including some with DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide). Our Dr. Jon LaPook looks at whether chemicals registered with the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) are safe for pregnant women to use.
Ali Simon: To be honest, I don't know that I feel comfortable wearing DEET.
Dr. Jon LaPook, Chief Medical Correspondent, CBS News: 31-year-old Ali Simon is 37 weeks pregnant and lives in New Jersey. She knows Zika has reached mosquitoes in the United States, and like many pregnant women we've spoken to, is leery of wearing insect repellent during her pregnancy.
AS: I would be really hesitant to wear it. I feel like I would only wear it if I absolutely, positively had to.
Dana Vogel, Director, Health Effects Division, EPA: These repellents are safe - safe for use by all populations, including pregnant women.
JL: Dana Vogel heads the division of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that examines the health effects of pesticides. Vogel says she understands the fear [that] pregnant women may have about using chemicals to try to prevent the mosquito bites that spread Zika.
DV: Being a mom, having been pregnant at one point in time, I would use a repellent. I know that they're definitely safe for use, as I've participated in the reviews of them.
JL: There have only been a few published studies addressing the effects of DEET on expectant mothers and their children. There's mostly animal research on the topic. However, one study in pregnant women found insect repellent with 20% DEET, used daily in the second or third trimester, was safe for both mother and baby.
DV: No product's put on the market unless a safety evaluation is done and it's found to be safe.
JL: DEET-based products come in concentrations ranging from 5-100%. A higher number doesn't mean a product will work better. It means it will last longer. According to an industry trade group, 5% DEET lasts about an hour, while 30% lasts up to eight hours.
DV: To me, that's the most important thing: To follow the label and use the repellents as they're labeled for use.
JL: For CBS This Morning, I'm Dr. Jon LaPook.
EQ: Dr. LaPook says it's important to remember [that] whatever repellent you use, carefully read the label and follow the directions.

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    absolutely 当然可以
  • agency 机构【名词】代理,签约,局,署,中介,机关,社,厅,部门
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    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • animal research 动物研究; 动物实验
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    carefully read the label 仔细阅读说明标签
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    chemical 【名词】化学制品;化学药品 【形容词】化学的,化学作用的;用化学方法获得的
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    Chief Medical Correspondent 首席医疗记者
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    concentration 【名词】1. 集中 2. 【化学】浓缩;浓度;稠密度【矿物】汰选,选矿,富化 3. 集中注意,专心
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    correspondent 通讯记者【名词】通信者;通讯员;【商业】外地客户,外地代理店
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    county 县【名词】1. (英国)郡; 2. (英国)郡中世家,郡中社交频繁的阶层;全郡居民; 3. (美国)县
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    director 主管【名词】1. 指挥者,监督人,管理人; 总监;院长;所长;主任 2.理事,董事;经理 3. 【戏剧】导演【音乐】指挥 4. 引向器; 指示器; 导向偶极子
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    environmental 环境【形容词】1. 环境的,环境产生的; 2. 环境艺术的
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    environmental protection 环境保护
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    evaluation 评价【名词】1. 估价,评价; 2. 【数学】赋值,值的计算
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    examine 【及物动词】1. 检查,细查; 仔细观察 2. (估价健康状况或确诊病因而)检查 3. 查问,调查 4. 或考试,测验 5. 【法律】审查,审讯 6. 【医】送交剖检【不及物动词】进行检查(或审查、调查、考试); 讯问
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    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
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    follow the directions 根据使用说明
  • health effect 对健康的影响
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    health official 卫生官员
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    hesitant 犹豫不决 【形容词】1. 踌躇的,犹豫的; 2. 吞吞吐吐的
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    industry 行业【名词】1. 勤劳,勤奋,刻苦; 2. 工业,产业,实业,事业; 3. (集合词)资方; 4. 有组织的劳动,经常的工作[努力]
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    infection 感染【名词】1. 传染,感染,侵染; 2. 传染病,染毒物; 3. 影响;感染
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    insect 昆虫【名词】虫,虫子,害虫
  • insect repellent 驱虫剂
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    labeling 标签;标记;标号
  • leery 1. 持怀疑态度; 提防的; 猜疑的 2. 浮夸的; 华而不实的
  • medical correspondent 医疗记者
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    morning rounds 晨间查房
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    mosquito bite 蚊子叮咬
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    mosquito repellent 驱蚊剂
  • N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide N,N-二乙基-间-甲苯甲酰胺; 驱蚊胺◆【略】DEET
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    official 官方 【形容词】1. 职务上的,公务上的,官员的,公的;担任官[公]职的; 2. (出自)官方的,法定的,公认的,正式的; 3. 官气十足的;讲究形式的。; 4. 依据药典(配制)的;收入药典的; 【名词】1. 官员,行政人员,高级职员; 2. 宗教法庭法官; 3. 【运】裁判
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    on the market 出售
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    palm 手心【名词】手掌,掌心,掌,棕榈,掌上,手相,棕,巴掌,棕榈油,贝
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    pesticide 农药【名词】杀虫剂,农药
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    population 1.【生物学】群体;种群;族;组;2. 人口; 全体居民 3. 【数学】总体,全域
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    pregnancy 怀孕【名词】1. 怀孕,妊娠;怀孕期;(事件等的)蕴酿; 2. (比喻)丰富,丰满;含蓄,(内容)充实,富有意义
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    pregnant 【形容词】1. 怀孕的; 怀胎的 2. 富有意义的
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    pregnant woman 孕妇;怀孕的女性
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    protection 保护【名词】防护,保障
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    published study 发表的研究报告
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    read the label 阅读说明标签
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    safety evaluation 安全性评估
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    third trimester 妊娠末三个月;妊娠晚期
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    trade group 贸易集团
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    trimester 三个月; 妊娠三个月分期;(一年)三学期制
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency 美国环境保护局◆【組織】EPA
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    urge 【及物动词】1. 力劝,敦促,推进; 2. 驱策,鼓励,怂恿; 3. 主张,强调; 【不及物动词】极力主张,强烈要求; 【名词】推动力,迫切要求,强烈的欲望
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    virus 病毒【名词】1. 病毒 2. (病毒引起的)病毒病 3.毒液; 恶意,恶毒 4.计算机病毒
  • virus spread 病毒传播
  • weeks pregnant 周怀孕
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