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Thousands with Zika May Be in U.S.


CBS News - May 24, 2016 CDC认为"千计"的人在返美前感染兹卡病毒。 CDC Believes 'Thousands' Contracted Zika Virus Before Returning to U.S.

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Elaine Quijano, Anchor, CBS News: Thousands of people may have contracted the Zika virus before returning to the U.S. That [is] from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Tuesday. With over 500 travel-associated cases already reported in the U.S., the threat and concern over Zika is continuing to grow. CBS News Chief Medical Correspondent Dr. Jon LaPook is here. All right. So Jon, this is one of those moments where I feel like people will hear the word "thousands" and then automatically rush to some kind of judgment or conclusion about that. Can you just break this down for us? What is the real threat here, when people hear "thousands"? What is that really referring to?
Dr. Jon LaPook, Medical Correspondent, CBS News: I love this question, because you're right, this is one of those moments where we've been hearing about it for months, and now the mosquito season is upon us almost, and people start to get nervous, and I've seen just today, headlines that are a little bit misleading. So, the "thousands". What is [CDC Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Principal Deputy Director Dr.] Anne Schuchat talking about? If there are, say, around 500 - more than 500 - cases that have been documented in the United States, those are cases that have been imported in, say, somebody got sick in Brazil and came here, and maybe a few sexually-transmitted [cases]. But, we know that 80% of people who have Zika, at least in the past, have no symptoms. So, if 500 people had symptoms, and that's how found them, then you have to multiply that by five, so that gets around 2,500. So, there are the "thousands" of people. So, nothing's changed. It's just that you're putting it in a different framework and saying, "Well, not just people who have symptoms, but people who have Zika. Period." Now, it's also very important to know that that's a total of several thousands of people that we've been measuring from the beginning. Remember that the Zika virus is in the bloodstream only for about a week [or] maybe a little bit longer. So, after that, it should no longer be a threat to anybody. Because, what the fear is is that somebody comes up here from, say, Brazil, [and] they've got Zika in their bloodstream, and then a local mosquito that's not infected already, bites that person, and then gets infected, turns around and bites somebody else, and then you would have local transmission.
EQ: But what about some people who might say, "Isn't this also sexually-transmitted?"
JL: Yeah. So, we've now found out that it is sexually transmitted. We don't know exactly what the degree of that is. So, there have been cases of men who have sex with men who have transmitted it that way. We have male-to-female transmission. We've found that it's in the semen for at least 62 days in one case - as long as 62 days - in one case. So, that's sort of this big asterisk and question mark, because how do you know? I mean, you know, whether somebody got it from a mosquito in the bedroom or from sexual transmission, especially in a place like Brazil, where you have so many people, they think over a million people [who] have been infected with Zika.
EQ: So, the bottom line, if I'm hearing you correctly and understanding you correctly, these are not necessarily new numbers...(JL: Not at all.)...it's just a different way of looking at the number...(JL: Yes.)...a different way of quantifying it.
JL: Exactly. And, you know, this is not to say that there's nothing to be afraid of or to be worried about. I think the big concern right now is, as we've been saying for weeks and weeks and weeks: Mosquito season is upon us. We have had the luck of having it hit in Latin America at a time of our winter, so we've had all this time to prepare. And yet, despite that, Congress has been asked for funding from the White House at the suggestion of the NIH (National Institutes of Health) and the CDC, and yet, that funding has not come through yet.
EQ: All right, Dr. Jon LaPook. Some good information. Thank you for helping us understand the reality of the Zika threat...(JL: Thanks, Elaine.)

  • agency 机构【名词】代理,签约,局,署,中介,机关,社,厅,部门
  • Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry 美国有毒物质与疾病登记机构◆ ATSDR
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • big asterisk and question mark 高度警惕和悬而未决的问题
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    bloodstream 【生理学】血流,(体内循环的)血液
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    bottom line 净利润,收益净额; 决定因素;最终的费用;最终的评价
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Chief Medical Correspondent 首席医疗记者
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    conclusion 结论【名词】1. 终结;结局;结果 2. 结论;推论 3. 商定,议定;缔结
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Congress 国会 【名词】1. (代表)大会; 2. 国会;国会会期;(C-)美国国会; 3. 集会,交际;社交; 4. 协会; 5. 群; 国会 【不及物动词】开会,集合
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    contract 合同【名词】1. 契约,合同; 2. 婚约; 3. 承包(合约); 4. 【法律】契约法; 5. 【牌戏】定约,合约桥牌; 【及物动词】1. 订(约),立(合同);约定; 2. 订婚(通例用被动语态),把…许配给; 3. 结交(朋友等); 4. 招,患(病),染(恶习); 5. 负债; 【不及物动词】订约;订婚;承包
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    correspondent 通讯记者【名词】通信者;通讯员;【商业】外地客户,外地代理店
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Deputy Director 副主任;副局长,副厅长;副院长
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    director 主管【名词】1. 指挥者,监督人,管理人; 总监;院长;所长;主任 2.理事,董事;经理 3. 【戏剧】导演【音乐】指挥 4. 引向器; 指示器; 导向偶极子
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    disease 【名词】1. 病,疾病;【植物】病害 2. (精神等的)病态,弊病 3. (酒等的)变质;(食物等的)腐败
  • disease control 疾病控制
  • disease registry 疾病登记
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    documented 记录的; 有案可查
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    female 女性【形容词】,女,雌性,雌,女子,母,雌花,女生,女人
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    framework 框架 【形容词】构架(工程),结构,框架;机构,组织
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    fund 基金【名词】1. 资金,基金,专款; 2. (国家的)财源;(英国)公债; 3. 存款,现款; 4. 储备,蕴藏; 5. 特别基金管理机构; 【及物动词】1. 换(短期借款)为长期公债; 2. (英国)投(资金)于公债; 3. 把…列作为基金[专款]; 4. 为…提供基金,储存(一笔钱款)以资生息
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    headline 标题 【名词】1. (报刊新闻等的)大字标题;(书籍的)页头标题; 2. 新闻广播摘要; 标题 【及物动词】1. 加标题于; 2. 大肆宣传; 3. 演出中担任(要角)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    hearing 聆讯 【名词】1. 听(动作或过程); 2. 听力,听觉; 3. 发言机会; 4. 审问; 5. 听得见的范围; 6. 意见听取会
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    housing 壳体; 住房
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    import 导入【及物动词】1. 输入;进口;引进 (opp. export); 2. 意味,表明,说明; 3. 对…有重大关系; 4. 【计算机】向电脑存储器输入(信息、程序等); 【不及物动词】有(重大)关系; 【名词】1. 输入,进口,引进;(主 pl.)进口货; 2. 意义,含义; 3. 重要(性)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    infect 【及物动词】1. 【医学】传染,侵染,感染; 2. 使受影响,感染; 3. 使腐化
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    institute 研究所【名词】1. 协会,学会;学院,专科大学;(学院附设的)研究所; 2. 讲习会;(短期)训练班; 3. 会址,院址,校址,所址; 4. 原则,规则,惯例; 5. (给初学者用的法律、医学等的)浅说,(公认的)基本原理; 【及物动词】1. 设,设立,制定; 2. 实行,创立,开始; 3. 任命,【宗教】授…以圣职
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    judgment 判断【名词】判断力,判决,审判,评判,判定,裁判,裁决,判别
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    lining 衬砌【名词】衬里,内衬,衬砌结构,面料,衬板;【及物动词】衬,炉衬,衬套
  • local transmission 本地传播
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    male 男性【名词】男,雄,公,男子,雄花,男人;雄性【形容词】男生
  • male-to-female transmission 男性至女性的传播
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    marking 标识【名词】1. 作记号;记分;记号,印记,点;(尤指鸟兽的皮、羽毛等的)斑纹,条纹; 2. 【商业】(支票的)认付; 【形容词】赋与特征的,使显眼的
  • medical correspondent 医疗记者
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    mislead 误导【及物/不及物动词】带错路,引入歧途,欺骗
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    national institute 国家研究所; 国家研究机构
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    National Institutes of Health 美国国立卫生研究院◆【略】NIH
  • nervous 【形】1. 神经的;神经性的 2. 紧张不安的; 恐惧感的; 忧虑感的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    new numbers 最新的销售结果
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    no longer 不再
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    no symptoms 无症状
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    period 1. 周期,期间 2. 月经期 3. 句号; 结束
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    prevention 【名词】1. 预防;预防法 2. 阻止; 妨碍
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    principal 本金【名词】校长,委托,委托人;【形容词】主,主要,主体,首席,首要
  • Principal Deputy Director 首席副总管
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    quantify 量化 【及物动词】1. 确定…的数量,表示…的数量;用数量表示; 2. 【逻辑学】用量词限定(全称、特称等的命题)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    question mark 尚未解决的问题
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    questioning 1. 疑问;质问 2. 询问; 审问
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    registry 注册表【名词】1. 记录,登记,注册;(船舶登记证上的)国籍; 2. 记录簿,登记簿; 3. 记录处,登记处,注册处;(英国)户籍处
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    rights [法] 权利;权限;权益 [All rights reserved] 版权所有
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    semen 精液【名词】精子,葶
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sexual 【形】性的;有性的;性别的
  • sexual transmission 性传播
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sexually-transmitted 性传播
  • sexually-transmitted case 性传播病例
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    substance 物质【名词】实质,物,实体,药物,实质上,实质性
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    symptom 症状【名词】征兆,征候;征兆
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    The bottom line? 最根本的事实?
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    the wording 文本的措词
  • threat 威胁【名词】构成威胁,恐吓
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    toxic 【形】有毒的;中毒的
  • toxic substance 有毒物质
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    transmission 传染; 传送
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    transmit 传输【及物动词】1. 传送,寄,送(信、货等); 2. 送达,传达(命令、话等);透射(光),传导(热等),传声;【无线电】发报; 3. 留传(财产、称号等); 4. 遗传,传染(疾病等);【不及物动词】发射信号;发报
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    turn around 周转【句動】1. 车辆调头处;(思想、立场的)转变; 2. 回航[卸货、加油、检修、上货]所需时日;来回; 3. 小修,预防处理
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 美国疾病预防控制中心◆【略】CDC
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    virus 病毒【名词】1. 病毒 2. (病毒引起的)病毒病 3.毒液; 恶意,恶毒 4.计算机病毒
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    White House 白宫
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    wording 措辞【名词】措词,字眼,写法,提法,用语,字样,字句,字词
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Zika virus 茲卡(Zika)病毒
Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615