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Cancer 'Moonshot' Giving Patients Fighting Chance


NBC Nightly News - June 28, 2016 印第安人和拉美西班牙裔儿童特殊的基因突变和所需的个体化治疗。 Native American and Hispanic children have genetic mutations requiring personalized treatment.

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Lester Holt, Anchor, NBC News: Finally tonight, we're on the eve of a major summit for the Cancer Moonshot initiative led by Vice President Joe Biden. Among the goals: Increasing access to cutting-edge treatments. But when it comes to children, one doctor found that not all treatments are equal. Our Rehema Ellis explains what she's doing about it to save lives:
Rehema Ellis, Reporter, NBC News: It should've been the happiest time of her life, but three days after her son was born, 19-year-old Raylene Mazza was diagnosed with leukemia.
Raylene Mazza: He's the main reason why I'm fighting so hard.
RH: In her corner [is] one of the best cancer doctors in the country. At the University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center, Dr. Cheryl Willman has transformed cancer care, especially for Hispanics and Native Americans like Raylene, who were dying of cancer at an alarming rate.
Dr. Cheryl Willman, Pathologist, UNM Cancer Center: I've always sort of been a warrior woman.
RH: And she needed to be. Dr. Willman was startled to find [that] in New Mexico, Native American and Hispanic children had a nearly zero survival rate, compared to white children with leukemia on standard chemotherapy. So, in an unusual move, Dr. Willman and some of the country's top leukemia researchers joined forces, analyzing millions of genetic patterns and found [that] Native American and Hispanic children had different genetic mutations than white children, and needed treatments tailored just for them.
CW: The revolution in cancer medicine today really is personalized medicine.
RH: Raylene got that in a cutting-edge cancer technique called "genetic sequencing", and then, her own individual drug treatment. Is there a benefit nationwide?
CW: There's no question. Our ability to develop new treatments greatly impacts the care of children everywhere.
RH: Today, Raylene is in remission, recovering at Children's Hospital Colorado.
RM: I hope to see him live his life.
RH: And now, with the help of her Cancer Moonshot team, she just might. Rehema Ellis, NBC News, Albuquerque.
LH: Hey NBC News fans! Thanks for checking out our YouTube channel. Subscribe by clicking on that button down here, and click on any of the videos over here, to watch the latest interviews, show highlights and digital exclusives. Thanks for watching!

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    alarming 令人震惊的【形容词】使人惊慌的;引起惊慌的;告急的,危言耸听的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    alarming rate 惊人的速度
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    benefit 【名词】1. 利益,好处;利润 2. 恩惠 3. 义演,义赛; 4. 退休金;(依照社会保险付给的)津贴,救济金,抚恤金; 5. (俚、反)好机会,好差事; 【及物动词】对…有利,有益于…;使得利益; 【不及物动词】得益,受益
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cancer 癌症【名词】1. 癌症;癌(瘤),肿瘤; 2. 弊病;社会恶习; 3. (the C-)【天文学】巨蟹座;巨蟹宫
  • cancer care 癌症治疗护理
  • cancer center 癌症中心
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    cancer doctor 癌症医生; 肿瘤科医生
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    cancer medicine 抗癌药物
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    chemotherapy 化学疗法;化疗
  • children's hospital 儿童医院
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    Colorado 科罗拉多
  • comprehensive 全面地; 广泛地; 综合地
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cutting 切割【名词】1. 切断,切下;切片;【园艺】扦插,插条;(英国)剪裁,(报纸等的)剪辑;(宝石等的)加工,琢磨,开凿; 2. 大贱卖;剧烈的竞争; 3. 【林业】采伐;【畜牧】剪毛; 4. (马的)互踢; 5. 【机械工程】切削; 【形容词】1. 切得动的,锐利的; 2. 像刀割似的;刺骨的; 3. 讽刺的,尖酸刻薄的; 4. (目光)炯炯的,敏锐的; 5. (俚语)卖得贱的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cutting edge 最前沿;优势;尖端
  • cutting-edge cancer technique 尖端的治疗治疗技术
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    cutting-edge treatment 最先进的治疗
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    diagnose 【及物动词】1. 诊断 2. 判断(问题) 【及物动词】判断,诊断(疾病)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    digital exclusive 数字化消息独家报道
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    drugged 【及物动词】用药麻醉;使服药;使服毒品
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
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    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    genetic mutation 基因突变
  • genetic pattern 遗传模式;遗传方式
  • genetic sequencing 基因测序
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    genetics 遗传学
  • goals 目标,[心理] 目的;进球
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    highlight 突出显示【及物动词】在…上投上强光;强调,使显著;【美剧】派给;当主角; 【名词】(画中受光最多的)明亮部份;(常 pl.)(演出等的)精彩场面,精彩节目;(报纸中等)特讯,要闻;要点
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Hispanic 拉美西班牙裔美国人【形容词】1. 西班牙的;西班牙和葡萄牙的; 2. 拉丁美洲的
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    hospital 医院【名词】院,住院
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    in remission 处于缓解期
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    increased access 更多的途径
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    initiative 【名词】1. 创始,倡议;主动精神,创始力;第一步 2. (立法机关对新法案的)动议权;(公民的)创制权; 3. 【军事】(先发制人的)主动性
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    interview 【名词】1. 接见;面谈;面试 2. (记者的)访问;采访 3. 口头审查 【及物动词】接见;会见;(记者)访谈
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    leukemia 白血病【名词】
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    main reason 主要原因
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    moonshot 月球探测器;登月计划
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    mutation 突变【名词】1. 变化,变异,更换;【生物学】突变;突变种;【语言学】母音变化;【音乐】(提琴的)变换把位;变声;【法律】让受; 2. (人世的)浮沉,盛衰
  • Native American 美洲原住民;印第安人
  • nearly zero survival rate 近于零的存活率
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    needed treatment 必要的治疗
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    new treatment 新的治疗方法
  • not all treatments are equal 并非所有治疗都等同
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    pathologist 病理学医师; 病理学家
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    personalize 个性化【及物动词】1. 使个人化; 2. 使成个人所有物; 3. 在(物品)上标出姓名[记号]; 4. 使人格化;【修辞学】拟(某物)为人,使…拟人化
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    personalized medicine 个性化医疗
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    president 主席【名词】1. 总统; 2. 总裁;长官;主席;议长;【法律】院长;庭长; 3. 会长;校长;(英国)大学院长;(美国)大学校长; 4. (银行等的)行长;董事长;总经理,社长; 5. 【历史】州长,知事;(殖民地)总督
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    questioning 1. 疑问;质问 2. 询问; 审问
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    remission 1. 缓解;(症状等的)逐渐消失 2. 宽恕;豁免
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    revolution 革命【名词】1. 革命;剧烈的变革; 2. 回转,绕转,旋转;转数;周期;一转;【天文学】运行,周转,公转
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    save lives 拯救生命
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sequence 【名词】1. 序列,顺序,相关的系列; 2.结局,续发事件; 3.【数学】数列,序列 【及物动词】使按顺序排列; 【生物化学】定序,确定…的顺序
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    standard chemotherapy 标准化学疗法
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    standards 标准【名词】1. 标准,水准,规格,模范; 2. 旗;军旗,队旗;【徽章】标帜,标记;旗标,象征; 3.【植物;植物学】旗瓣; 4. 金[银]的纯度标准;(硬币的)法定纯度比例; 5. (度量衡的)原基;原器; 6. (英国)(小学的)学年,年级; 7. 直立支柱;灯台;烛台,电杆,垂直的水管(电管)
  • startle 吓一跳【及物动词】吓,惊吓
  • summit 峰会【名词】首脑会议,高峰会,高峰会议,山顶,峰顶,顶峰,巅,首脑,高峰
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    survival 生存【名词】生存;残存;幸存;残存者;成活(植株);残余,残存物,遗物,遗风
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    survival rate 存活率
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    technique 技术【名词】1. (专门)技术;(艺术上的)技巧,技能; 2. 手法(如画法,演奏法等); 3. 方法
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    treatment 【名词】1. 治疗;疗法;疗程 2. 对待;处理 3.评述
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    unusual move 不寻常的举动
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    Vice President 副总裁
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