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Colorectal Cancer Screening Guide


Journal of the American Medical Association - June 16, 2016 USPSTF建议对50-75岁的成人进行大肠癌筛查。 USPSTF advises colorectal cancer screening for those aged 50-75.

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Catherine Dolf, Reporter, The JAMA Report: In the United States this year, an estimated 134,000 people will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and about 49,000 will die from the disease.
Dr. Douglas Owens, General Internist, USPSTF: Most colorectal cancer occurs after people are 50, and the rates go up as you get older.
CD: Dr. Douglas Owens, an author of the recommendation and a former member of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), says the group strongly recommends screening average-risk adults, aged 50-75 for colorectal cancer, and then making individual screening decisions for adults aged 76-85, taking into account the patient's overall health and screening history.
DO: There are a number of ways to be screened for colorectal cancer, and the good news is that they are effective.
CD: Those include direct visualization tests, like a colonoscopy, and also stool-based tests.
DO: The important thing is that you choose one and be screened.
CD: The new task force recommendations appear in JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association.
DO: For people 76-85, the benefits of screening are smaller, but some people may still benefit; people who've never been screened before, and who are healthy enough to undergo treatment for colorectal cancer, should it be diagnosed, and who don't have other conditions that would limit their life expectancy.
CD: The decision to screen for colorectal cancer in this older age group should be individualized and take that patient's overall health into account.
DO: About a third of people in the United States who should be getting screening for colorectal cancer are not being screened currently, and that's an important missed opportunity.
CD: Catherine Dolf, The JAMA Report.

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    age group 年龄组
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    aging 老化【及物动词】衰老,老龄化,时效,老龄,增龄,陈酿,老年
  • American Medical Association 美国医学协会◆【略】AMA
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    author 作者【名词】1. 著者,作家; 2. 著作物,作品; 3. 创造者;发起人; 【及物动词】1. 写,写作; 2. 创造,创始; 3. 【自动化】(在计算机上)制作(网页)
  • average risk 平均风险
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    average-risk adult 平均风险性成人;一般风险性成人
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    benefit 【名词】1. 利益,好处;利润 2. 恩惠 3. 义演,义赛; 4. 退休金;(依照社会保险付给的)津贴,救济金,抚恤金; 5. (俚、反)好机会,好差事; 【及物动词】对…有利,有益于…;使得利益; 【不及物动词】得益,受益
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    cancer 癌症【名词】1. 癌症;癌(瘤),肿瘤; 2. 弊病;社会恶习; 3. (the C-)【天文学】巨蟹座;巨蟹宫
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    colonoscopy 结肠镜检查
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    colorectal 大肠癌【形容词】结直肠,大肠,结肠
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    colorectal cancer 结肠直肠癌;大肠癌;结肠癌
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    conditioning 调理
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    diagnose 【及物动词】1. 诊断 2. 判断(问题) 【及物动词】判断,诊断(疾病)
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    direct visualization test 直接可视化检查
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    disease 【名词】1. 病,疾病;【植物】病害 2. (精神等的)病态,弊病 3. (酒等的)变质;(食物等的)腐败
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    effective 有效【形容词】1. 有效(力)的,灵验的;显眼的,(美国)生效的,被实施的;【军事】有战斗力的; 2. 【经济学】实质上的;有实价的; 3. 【军事】精锐的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    estimate 估计 【及物动词】1. 估计,估算;估价;估量; 2. 评价,评断; 3. (古语)尊重; 【不及物动词】估计,估价; 【名词】1. 估计; 预测;(英国) (pl.)预算,预算额;预算书;估价单;(从典型统计得出的)数值; 2. 评价,判断
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    expectancy 预期【名词】1. 预期,期望,期待; 2. 期望的东西
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    individual screening decision 个人筛查决定
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    individualize 【及物动词】1. 个人化; 个性化; 使各不相同; 使有个人特色 2. 一列举,分别详述
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    internist 内科医师
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    life expectancy 预期平均寿命
  • medical association 医学协会
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    medical journal 医学期刊
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    opportunity 机会【名词】机遇,契机,时机,良机,商机
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    overall health 总体健康状态
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    preventive service 预防服务
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    recommendation 【名词】1. 建议;推荐;介绍信 2. 特长;可取之处; 3. 劝告
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    screening 筛选【名词】1. 做窗帘[纱窗]; 2. 审查;甄别;放映; 3. 筛屑;筛渣
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    screening history 筛查史
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    stool 【名词】1. 凳子 2. 凳子;粪便;便桶;厕所 3. 【园艺】(压枝)根株,母株 4. 鸟的栖木 【及物动词】引诱【不及物动词】1. (根株)发新枝 2. [美国口语] 充当密探
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    stool-based test 经粪便的检查
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    strongly recommend 极力推荐
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    taken into account 考虑在内; 顾及;重视
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    task force 专题小组
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    The Journal of the American Medical Association 《美国医学协会杂志》◆【略】JAMA
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    treatment 【名词】1. 治疗;疗法;疗程 2. 对待;处理 3.评述
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    undergo 【及物动词】1. 经受,经历,接受;2. 遭受,忍受
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    visualization 【名词】 可视化; 形象化; 想像
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