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New Balloon Capsule Tackles Obesity


CBS This Morning - May 26, 2016 FDA reviews clinical trials for a new type of gastric balloon that starts as a pill.

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Gayle King, Anchor, CBS This Morning: In our Morning Rounds, keeping your weight from going up, up and away! The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) is revealing a new type of gastric balloon that starts as a pill. In clinical trials, patients who were 40-60 pounds overweight lost an average of nearly 7% of their body weight in six months, but the treatment was a little more complicated. Dr. Christine Ren-Fielding is Chief of Bariatric Surgery at NYU Langone Medical Center. She treats patients with one of the two existing balloon devices, and [she] joins us at the table with some props. So, we all know that there's no magical pill. We all wish there was, but we know it isn't, but this one has the potential, you said, to make a big difference. How does it work?
Dr. Christine Ren-Fielding, Surgeon, NYU Langone Medical Center: Well, Gayle, the concept is the same. What we have right now in the United States that's available is a balloon filled with water that takes up space inside of your stomach.
GK: And it's surgically implanted, right?
CRF: This is endoscopically implanted. No surgery. No cutting. But you do need endoscopy to place this and inflate the balloon inside of your stomach. And it stays in there for six months in order to take up space, so that you don't have food taking up space. You then have to take it out with another endoscopy. But what's coming out in new studies and new technology is that there are balloons that are smaller than this, but are filled with air, which you can just swallow in the form of a capsule. So, you don't need endoscopy in order to insert the balloon. You take a capsule. It's about the size of a quarter. It's connected to a thin catheter. You swallow it, and then it goes down into your stomach. You hook it up to a gas tank. It inflates, and then you disconnect the catheter and you have a little balloon taking up space in your stomach. And you can swallow up to three of these balloons over the course of several months...(GK: How do you get them out?)...Well, that's when you do need endoscopy...(GK: My mind is going many places here.)...But there's no surgery, so it's very good for people who are frightened of surgery or don't have that much weight to lose.
Norah O'Donnell, Anchor, CBS This Morning: So, this is only approved in Europe and Mexico, right? Do you think it will be approved soon here in the U.S.?
CRF: Yes. I believe it will be approved sometime next year, hopefully in the first quarter.
Charlie Rose, Anchor, CBS This Morning: Why are we behind Europe in approving things like this?
CRF: Well, I think that the American government has much higher standards. There is much more criticism of the public, and wanting to make sure that we have the safest items.
NO: How does this compare to bariatric surgery...the results?
CRF: Well, the balloon typically will give you anywhere between 20 and 40 pounds. It's really meant for individuals who have 20-40 pounds to lose, not the 100 or 200-pound overweight person. Bariatric surgery is really for people who have been severely obese for many, many years, who need to lose 100 [or] 200 pounds. And that's a lifelong commitment.
GK: So, do you like this pill? Do you like the idea of a pill?
CRF: I really like the idea of a pill because you're always trying to improve your medical treatment and you want to be less invasive.
NO: Yeah. Dr. Ren-Fielding it's really important. Saving people's lives and improving their quality of life...what you're doing with these new advances. Thank you!...(CRF: Thank you very much!)...What are airlines doing to help the TSA (Transportation Security Administration) with those massive security lines? We're going to ask the jetBlue CEO (Chief Executive Officer), Robin Hayes. Look! He's here in Studio 57. Gayle loves jetBlue to L.A...(GK: I really do. They've got TVs in L.A.!)...We'll also look at his company's major expansion, ahead here on CBS This Morning.
Announcer: CBS Morning Rounds, sponsored by Coppertone sunscreen.

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    administration 【名词】1. 管理,经营;行政 2. 行政机关,局[处、署];(A- 主美)政府; 3. 给与;施行; 4. 给药,(药的)服法; 5. 【军事】后方勤务; 6. 【法律】施行,执行
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    at the table 在谈判桌上
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    balloon 气球【名词】1. 轻气球,气球;气罐; 2. 【纺织;印染】气圈; 3. 【建筑】球饰; 4. 【化学】球形大烧瓶; 5. (漫画中人物的)讲话引线; 【不及物动词】1. 用[坐]气球上升; 2. 膨胀如气球; 3. 激增; 4. (美国)(演员)忘记台词; 【及物动词】使充气,使膨胀如气球
  • bariatric surgery 减肥手术
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    bariatrics 肥胖症学;肥胖治疗法
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    body weight 体重
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    capsule 胶囊【名词】1. 【生理】荚膜,囊状物;【植物;植物学】蒴,荚,种囊; 2. 【化学】(蒸发用的)小碟;小皿,小盒; 3. 囊状器,帽状器,封瓶锡包,瓶帽;【药学】胶囊; 4. 【物理学】膜盒,传感器; 5. 【宇宙空间技术】密闭舱; 6. 提要; 【形容词】1. 简略的; 2. 小而结实的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    catheter 导管【名词】导(液)管
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Chief Executive Officer 首席执行官;执行总裁◆CEO
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Chief of Bariatric Surgery 肥胖症外科主任
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    clinical 临床【形容词】疗效,临床医学
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    clinical trial 临床试验
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    commitment 承诺【名词】; 1. (某种)作为;犯罪; 2. 委任,委托;(对委员的)托付; 3. 许诺,诺言;(受)约束;(承担)义务;债务; 4. 拘留,关押; 5. 信仰;赞助; 6. 投入(战斗); 7. 【股票】买卖(契约)
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    complicate 【动词】使复杂; 使麻烦
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    criticism 批评 【名词】1. 批评,批判,评论;非难; 2. 鉴定,审定,考证,校勘;鉴定法; 3. 【哲学】批判主义[哲学]; 4. 评论文章;文艺批评理论
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cutting 切割【名词】1. 切断,切下;切片;【园艺】扦插,插条;(英国)剪裁,(报纸等的)剪辑;(宝石等的)加工,琢磨,开凿; 2. 大贱卖;剧烈的竞争; 3. 【林业】采伐;【畜牧】剪毛; 4. (马的)互踢; 5. 【机械工程】切削; 【形容词】1. 切得动的,锐利的; 2. 像刀割似的;刺骨的; 3. 讽刺的,尖酸刻薄的; 4. (目光)炯炯的,敏锐的; 5. (俚语)卖得贱的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    device 设备【名词】1. 设计,计划;方法,手段; 2. 意志,欲望; 3. 谋略,策略,诡计; 4. 器具,器械,设备,装置; 5. 图案,图样;花样;纹章;标记,商标;(纹章上的)题铭
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    disconnect 断开连接【及物动词】1. 分开,隔开,使(一物)与(另一物)分离; 2. 割断,切断(联络),挂断(电话),折断;【不及物动词】1. 结束关系; 2. 退隐,离群索居
  • drug administration 药品监督管理; 给药; 服药
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    drugged 【及物动词】用药麻醉;使服药;使服毒品
  • endoscopically 内镜
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    endoscopically implanted 内窥镜辅助下植入
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    endoscopy 内窥镜检查
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    executive 【名词】1. 行政部门;行政官;执行委员会; 2. 【美商】总经理,董事; 【形容词】1. 执行的,实行的,实施的,有执行权力[手腕]的;行政(上)的; 2. 行政官的;总经理的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    executive officer 主管人员
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    existing balloon device 现行的气囊装置
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    first quarter 第一财政季度
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    frightened 【及物动词】使恐惧, 吓坏了【不及物动词】惊恐,害怕
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    gastric 胃癌【形容词】胃
  • gastric balloon 胃水​​球
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    government 政府【名词】港府
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    hooked 钩【形容词】1. 钩状的; 2. 有钩的; 3. 钩织成的; 4. (美俚)吸毒成瘾的; 5. 着迷于…的 (on); 6. (俚语)已婚的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    implant 【名词】1. 移植物; (插入体内)植入管 【及物动词】1. 植入,移植 2. 嵌入,插入,埋置 3. 注入,灌输; 使(思想等)生根
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    inflate 膨胀 【及物动词】1. 使膨胀;【机械工程】给…打气; 2. 使(通货)膨胀,抬高(物价); 3. 使骄傲;使得意; 【不及物动词】进行充气;膨胀
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    invasive 创【形容词】侵略性的,侵害的;侵袭的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    lifelong commitment 终身承诺
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    lining 衬砌【名词】衬里,内衬,衬砌结构,面料,衬板;【及物动词】衬,炉衬,衬套
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    magical pill 神奇的药丸
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    massive 大规模【形容词】1. 大的,重的; 2. 魁伟的;结实的;实心的; 3. 大规模的;大量的; 4. (容貌、精神等)有力的,坚定的;【心理学】宽大的; 5. 【地质学;地理学】块状的,大块的; 6. 【矿物】均匀构造的,非晶质的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    medical center 医疗中心
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    medical treatment 医疗
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    morning rounds 晨间查房
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    obese 肥胖 【形容词】肥胖的,肥大的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    overweight 超重【形容词】超过规定重量的,超重的; 【名词】超重;偏重;优势; 【及物动词】使…装载过重;使…负担过重;在重量上超过
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    pill 丸【1名词】1. 丸,药丸; (the birth control pill/the pill) (女用口服)避孕丸; 2. 讨厌的东西[人];苦事; 3. (俚语)炮弹,子弹;球;(pl.)(英俚)撞球战,弹子战; 4. (美俚)香烟;切去两端的雪茄烟;(鸦片)烟泡; 5. 投票用小球; 6. 【农业】粒肥;【及物动词】1. 把…作成丸药;给…吃丸药; 2. (俚语)投票反对;排斥;不录取;开除;【及物动词】(古语)抢劫,掠夺
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    potential 潜力【形容词】1. 可能的;【语法】可能语气的; 2. 潜在的;有潜势的;【物理学】位的,势的; 3. (罕用语)有力的; 【名词】1. 可能(性);【语法】可能语气; 2. 潜在力;潜势;【物理学】位,势;电势,电位
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    prop 道具 ◆ theatrical property
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    quality of life 生活的质量◆【略】QoL
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    reveal 揭示了【及物动词】1. 显露,揭露,揭发,剖明;告诉,透露,泄露(秘密等),给,看; 2. (神)默示,启示;【名词】1. 显露,启示; 2.【建筑】窗侧壁【外抱】;门侧; 3. (汽车的)窗框
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    rights [法] 权利;权限;权益 [All rights reserved] 版权所有
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    savings 储蓄【名词】积蓄,节省,节约,存款,储蓄存款
  • securities administration 证券管理
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    security 安全【名词】保安,安全性,安防,保安局,安保,保障,证券,安检,安全感,担保
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    severely obese 重度肥胖
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sponsor 赞助商【名词】1.【宗教】教父,教母; 2. 发起者,主办者,倡议者; 3. (船只的)命名人;保证人; 4. 在广播[电视]作广告节目的资助人;【及物动词】1. 发起,主办,倡议; 2. 做…的保人,担保; 3. 做广告节目的资助人
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    standards 标准【名词】1. 标准,水准,规格,模范; 2. 旗;军旗,队旗;【徽章】标帜,标记;旗标,象征; 3.【植物;植物学】旗瓣; 4. 金[银]的纯度标准;(硬币的)法定纯度比例; 5. (度量衡的)原基;原器; 6. (英国)(小学的)学年,年级; 7. 直立支柱;灯台;烛台,电杆,垂直的水管(电管)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    stomach 胃,腹部,胃口,食欲,嗜好,欲望
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sunscreen 防晒霜
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    surgeon 外科医生【名词】外科大夫,外科医师,医生,外科,军医,医师
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    surgery 【名词】1. 外科(学);外科手术; 2. 外科手术[实验]室;(英国)医院;诊所
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    surgically 外科手术上
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    surgically-implanted 手术植入
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    swallow 【及物动词】1. 吞,咽; 2. 轻信 3. 淹没; 4. 忍受(侮辱); 5. 收回(前言)【1名词】燕子;【2名词】 吞咽
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    take up 1。占去(地方、时间、注意力等) 2。吸收(水分);溶解(固体) 3。拿起,捡起,举起 4。占用,占(地方)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    the public 整体公共;广大市民;公众;大众
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    the size of a quarter 25美分硬币大小
  • thin catheter 细导管
  • thinning 变薄
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Transportation Security Administration 美国交通安全管理局◆ TSA
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    treated patient 治疗的患者
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    treatment 【名词】1. 治疗;疗法;疗程 2. 对待;处理 3.评述
  • weight 【名词】1. 重量;体重;砝码 2. 负担;重要性 【及物动词】加重量于;使变重
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