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Weight Loss Surgery for Kids


Mayo Clinic News Network - June 7, 2016 Some severely obese children at risk of serious health complications may benefit from weight loss surgery.

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Vivien Williams, Reporter, Mayo Clinic News Network: Weight loss surgery helps many obese adults lose weight and improve their health, but is it right for kids? Mayo Clinic endocrinologist Dr. Seema Kumar says in some cases, yes.
Dr. Seema Kumar, Fellow, Mayo Clinic: Severely obese adolescents that have health complications that are related to their weight.
VW: Complications such as Type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, decreased mobility, joint pain and high cholesterol. Like any surgery, weight loss operations are not risk-free.
SK: We want to offer the surgery only to teenagers that have really tried hard with medical measures aimed at cutting down caloric intake and increasing physical activity before we proceed with a surgical procedure.
VW: If the decision is reached to have surgery, there are two options: The Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, which reduces the size of your stomach and the amount of food you absorb, and sleeve gastrectomy, which reduces your stomach to the size of a man's thumb. And again, Dr. Kumar says surgery is not the answer for all obese kids, but for some, it can mean improvement in health and self-esteem, and an improved quality of life. For the Mayo Clinic News Network, I'm Vivien Williams.

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    absorb 吸收【及物动词】1. 吸收; 2. 并吞;合并;同化; 3. 吸引(注意),使(精神)贯注; 4. 忍受;承担(费用); 5. 占用(时间); 6. 理解(含义)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    adolescent 【名词】青少年 【形容词】青春期的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    apnea 呼吸暂停,窒息
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    bypass 【名词】 1. 旁路 ,支路; 2.【医学】分流术 ,旁通管手术; 3.【电工学】分流器; 【及物动词】 绕过 ,迂回 ,忽视 ,漠视 ,不考虑
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    caloric 热量【形容词】卡路里,冷热
  • caloric intake 热量摄入
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cholesterol 胆固醇;胆甾醇
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    clinic 诊所【名词】1. 临床讲授;临床实习课; 2. 诊所;门诊部; 3. 特殊病例分析;会诊
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    complication 【名词】1.[医]并发症 ,复杂情况; 2. 复杂化 ,难题 ,混乱
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cutting 切割【名词】1. 切断,切下;切片;【园艺】扦插,插条;(英国)剪裁,(报纸等的)剪辑;(宝石等的)加工,琢磨,开凿; 2. 大贱卖;剧烈的竞争; 3. 【林业】采伐;【畜牧】剪毛; 4. (马的)互踢; 5. 【机械工程】切削; 【形容词】1. 切得动的,锐利的; 2. 像刀割似的;刺骨的; 3. 讽刺的,尖酸刻薄的; 4. (目光)炯炯的,敏锐的; 5. (俚语)卖得贱的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    cutting down 切断
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    diabetes 糖尿病【名词】1. 糖尿病 (diabetes mellitus); 2. 尿崩症 (diabetes insipidus)
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    endocrinologist 内分泌专家
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
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    gastrectomy 胃切除术
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    gastric 胃癌【形容词】胃
  • gastric bypass 胃旁路术
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    health complication 影响健康的并发症
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    high cholesterol 高胆固醇
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    improve quality of life 提高生活质量◆【略】QoL
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    intake 摄入量【名词】1. 吸入,纳入,收纳; 2. 进水口 (opp. outlet); 输入端,(矿井的)进风巷道,通风孔; 3. 吸气,进气; 4. 【医学】摄入量,摄取; 5. 纳入(数)量,【物理学】输入能量;【矿物】进风量; 6. (英方)(从沼泽等圈入的)围地,垦地; 7. 被收纳的东西,被吸收到团体[组织]里的人
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    joint 【名词】关节,联合,接合点; 【形容词】联合的,合办的,连接的; 【及物动词】 接合,连接; 【不及物动词】接合,贴合,生节
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    joint pain 关节痛
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    medical measure 医疗措施; 医疗办法
  • mobility 移动性
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    obese 肥胖 【形容词】肥胖的,肥大的
  • obese adolescent 青少年肥胖
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    obese adult 肥胖的成年人
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    obese kid 肥胖的孩子; 肥胖症儿童
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    offering 提供【名词】1. 提议;提供; 2. 贡献;供品,祭品,(给教会的)捐款; 3. 礼物; 4. (上市的)股票,公债;出售物; 5. 课程
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    physical activity 体力活动; 体育活动
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    procedure 【名词】1. 步骤;方法;算法 2. 程序 ;常规;诉讼程序 3. 行为;做法 ;礼仪
  • proceeding 【名词】诉讼;【及物动词】此案,跟进,出发,进行
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    quality of life 生活的质量◆【略】QoL
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    rights [法] 权利;权限;权益 [All rights reserved] 版权所有
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    risk-free 无风险的
  • Roux-en-Y Roux-en-Y
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Roux-en-Y胃旁路术◆【略】RYGB
  • self esteem 自尊
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    severely obese 重度肥胖
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    severely-obese adolescent 重度肥胖的青少年
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sleep apnea 睡眠呼吸中止症;睡眠窒息
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    sleeve gastrectomy 袖状胃切除手术
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    stomach 胃,腹部,胃口,食欲,嗜好,欲望
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    surgery 【名词】1. 外科(学);外科手术; 2. 外科手术[实验]室;(英国)医院;诊所
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    surgical 外科【形容词】手术,外科手术
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    surgical procedure 手术治疗; 外科手术
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    teenager 十几岁的少年(13至19岁)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    the size of a man's thumb 一个人的拇指大小
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    thumb 拇指【名词】1. 拇指; 2.【建筑】馒形饰【及物动词】1. 用拇指翻阅;用拇指按 2. (竖起拇指)要求搭乘
  • weight 【名词】1. 重量;体重;砝码 2. 负担;重要性 【及物动词】加重量于;使变重
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    weight loss 体重减轻
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    weight-loss operation 减肥手术
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    weight-loss surgery 减肥手术
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