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Type 2 Diabetes Facts


Mayo Clinic - May 16, 2016 美国疾病预防控制中心(CDC)报告现有2900万美国人被诊断为2型糖尿病。 CDC reports that 29 million Americans are now diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.

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Vivien Williams, Reporter, Mayo Clinic News Network: Type 2 diabetes is on the rise.
Dr. Adrian Vella, Endocrinology Department, Mayo Clinic: The increased incidence of obesity is what has probably driven part of the increase in diabetes.
VW: Mayo Clinic endocrinologist Dr. Adrian Vella says diabetes happens when your blood sugar is too high. It's a leading cause of blindness and amputations, and it increases your risk of heart disease and kidney failure.
AV: Dealing with high blood sugars early gives you a better chance of spending a longer time not requiring medications or other interventions to control your diabetes.
VW: Dr. Vella says some people develop Type 2 diabetes even if they're not overweight. But for others, lifestyle choices such as eating right, exercising, and losing weight can help prevent and even manage the chronic condition. But, unhealthy choices can be dangerous, especially if you have a predisposition for the disease.
AV: One of my more famous colleagues actually said that "heredity loads the gun, while environment pulls the trigger."
VW: The good news is treatment with lifestyle changes, medication, or even insulin, can help control diabetes and prevent complications. For the Mayo Clinic News Network, I'm Vivien Williams.

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    amputation 截肢,截肢(术)
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    blindness 失明【名词】1. 视觉缺失,失明; 2. 愚昧,文盲; 3. 昏聩胡涂;轻举妄动
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    blood 血液【名词】1. 血,血液;生命液; 2. 血族,血统;种族;家族(关系);家世;门第;名门,门阀;贵族血统; 3. 生命,活力;元气; 4. 流血,杀戮,杀人(罪),牺牲; 5. 血气;气质,气性,脾气;热情;激怒;肉欲;兽欲; 6. (主英)血气方刚的人;花花公子,纨袴子; 7. (集合词)人员; 8. (树木、果子等的)赤色汁液;(美俚)蕃茄酱; 9. (马的)纯种
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    blood sugar 血糖
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    chronic 慢性【形容词】1. 慢性的;长期的;积习成癖的。; 2. (英俚)剧烈的,(天气等)恶劣的。; chronically 【副词】慢性地,不断地。
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    chronic condition 慢性病疾
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    clinic 诊所【名词】1. 临床讲授;临床实习课; 2. 诊所;门诊部; 3. 特殊病例分析;会诊
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    colleague 同事【名词】同事,同行
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    complication 【名词】1.[医]并发症 ,复杂情况; 2. 复杂化 ,难题 ,混乱
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    conditioning 调理
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    diabetes 糖尿病【名词】1. 糖尿病 (diabetes mellitus); 2. 尿崩症 (diabetes insipidus)
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    disease 【名词】1. 病,疾病;【植物】病害 2. (精神等的)病态,弊病 3. (酒等的)变质;(食物等的)腐败
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    endocrinologist 内分泌专家
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    endocrinology 内分泌学
  • endocrinology department 内分泌科
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    environment 环境【名词】1. 周围,围绕; 2. 围绕物;环境,四周,外界; 3. 环境艺术作品;环境戏剧
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
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    failure 失败【名词】衰竭,失效,故障,失灵,破坏,衰,失败者,失误
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    heart 心 【名词】1. 心脏,心; 2. 胸,胸部;心胸,心地,心肠,胸怀; 3. 感情,热情,爱情;灵魂;良心; 4. 勇气,胆力;勇士; 5. 精神,气质;心境,心情; 6. 中心,核心;精华,要点,本质; 7. 意中人,情人;心爱的人,宝贝儿; 8. (主英)(土地的)肥沃程度; 9. 心脏形的东西
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    heart disease 心脏疾病
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    heredity 遗传【名词】1. 遗传;遗传性; 2. 遗传性特征; 3. 继承;传统
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    high blood sugar 高血糖
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    immunosuppressive treatment 免疫抑制疗法
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    incidence 发生率【名词】1. 发生;发生率; 发病率; 影响;影响范围 2. 【数学】关联,接合 3. 【物理学】入射(角) 4. 【航空】(机翼)倾角 5. (税等的)归宿;负担者
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    increased incidence 增加的发生率
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    increased incidence of obesity 增加的肥胖发生率
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    insulin 胰岛素【名词】
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    intervention 干预【名词】1. 插进,介入; 2. 调解,排解; 3. 干涉,干预,妨碍
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    kidney 【名词】1. 【解剖学】肾; 肾脏 2. (动物的)腰子(供食用); 3. 脾气,性格; 类别
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    kidney failure 肾功能衰竭
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    leading cause 主要原因
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    leading cause of blindness and amputations 失明和截肢的主要原因
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    lifestyle change 生活方式的改变
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    lifestyle choice 生活方式的选择
  • losing weight 减重;减轻体重
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    medication 【名词】1. 药物疗法,加入药物,药物处理,用药物治;2. 药物,药剂
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    obesity 【名词】肥胖(症);过度肥胖
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    overweight 超重【形容词】超过规定重量的,超重的; 【名词】超重;偏重;优势; 【及物动词】使…装载过重;使…负担过重;在重量上超过
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    predisposition 易感性【名词】1. 倾向,天性,素质;癖性,资质; 2. 诱因
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    rights [法] 权利;权限;权益 [All rights reserved] 版权所有
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    risk of heart disease 心脏病的发生风险
  • sugared 【形容词】加糖的; 甜蜜的
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    treatment 【名词】1. 治疗;疗法;疗程 2. 对待;处理 3.评述
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    trigger 触发【名词】(枪的)扳机,触发器,引爆器【机械工程】扳柄,起动装置【化学】(连锁反应)引起物; 【及物动词】扳扳机,发动,触发; 【不及物动词】松开扳柄
  • weight 【名词】1. 重量;体重;砝码 2. 负担;重要性 【及物动词】加重量于;使变重
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