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Is It a Cold or Allergies?


Mayo Clinic News Network - May 11, 2016 尽管有共同的症状,感冒和过敏症是实质上不同的情况。 Despite shared symptoms, colds and allergies are substantially different conditions.

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Jeff Olsen, Reporter, Mayo Clinic News Network: While flowers are blooming and birds are chirping, you may wonder: What's got you honking?
Dr. Arveen Bhasin, Allergist, Mayo Clinic: There are many different ways to distinguish between a cold and allergies.
JO: Mayo Clinic allergist Dr. Arveen Bhasin says a temperature is one tip-off to a patient's spring cold.
AB: They will often feel warm on exam, because they may have a low-grade fever. You're not going to see a fever in a patient who's got allergy symptoms.
JO: But he'll likely complain about itchy, watery eyes. It's an allergic response to something in the air. Pollen, mold spores and pet dander can all be triggers.
AB: It's our reaction to that allergen that then triggers the release of histamine and other mediators that causes the itching and the running and the sneezing and the congestion.
JO: While cold symptoms will typically clear up after a week to ten days, allergy problems can linger like pollen in the wind. If over-the-counter medications don't bring relief, Dr. Bhasin suggests making an appointment with an allergist.
AB: They can skin test you to figure out exactly what it is you're allergic to.
JO: And hopefully find a way to stop the honking. For the Mayo Clinic News Network, I'm Jeff Olsen.

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    allergen 变应原【名词】变应素,变应原,过敏原(如药物、食物、花粉等)
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    allergic 过敏【形容词】1. 过敏症的,变(态反)应性的; 2. (俚语)神经过敏的,敏感的;憎恶的
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    allergic response 过敏性反应
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    allergist 过敏专科医师
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    allergy 【名词】过敏性;过敏症;变态反应性
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    allergy symptom 过敏症状
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    appointment 任命【名词】1. 任命,委派,任用; 2. 任职,官职,职位; 3. 法令,命令;天意; 4. 指定;约定,约会;(门诊)预约; 5. )设备;家具; 6. 【法律】指定(财产受益人)
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    bloom 【名词】花;青春;【及物】旺盛 使开花;使茂盛 【不及物】开花;茂盛
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    clinic 诊所【名词】1. 临床讲授;临床实习课; 2. 诊所;门诊部; 3. 特殊病例分析;会诊
  • cold symptom 感冒症状
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    congestion 交通挤塞 【名词】1. 【医学】充血; 2. (交通的)拥挤;(货物的)充斥;(人口)过剩,稠密
  • dander 皮屑
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    distinguish 【及物动词】1. 区别;辨别 2. (通过耳、目等)辨认出; 3. 把…分类; 4. 使具有特色;使显著 【不及物动词】区别,辨别;识别
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
  • eye 眼【名词】眼睛,眼部,眼球,眼神,眼科,目光,眼光,视线,注意
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    fever 发烧【名词】1. 发热,发烧;热度; 2. 热病; 3. 狂热;兴奋; 【及物动词】1. 使发烧;使患热病; 2. 使兴奋[发狂]
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    figure 图,图形◆【略】Fig.
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    figure out 解决;算出;想出;断定
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    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
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    grades 学术成绩
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    histamine 组胺;组(织)胺
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    itch 瘙痒【名词】1. 痒;疥癣; 2. 热望,渴望; 【不及物动词】1. 痒,发痒; 2. 渴望,极想; 【形容词】1. 痒的; 2. 渴望着的,焦急着的
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    itchy, watery eyes 眼睛发痒,流泪
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    linger 挥之不去【不及物动词】逗留;徘回;拖延; 【及物动词】挨过,拖延(时间)
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    low grade 低级别的;低级的;低质量的
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    low-grade fever 低烧
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    mediator 1. 介质 ;中介物;媒介 2.调解者;调停者
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    medication 【名词】1. 药物疗法,加入药物,药物处理,用药物治;2. 药物,药剂
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    mold 模具【名词】1. (阴)模,铸模,模型;外型;铸型;字模,字型;模制品; 2. 形状,性格,气质;状况; 2. 【建筑】(装饰)线条,花边,线脚; 【及物动词】1. 造形,翻砂,铸,放在模子里做;【建筑】用线条(或雕刻)装饰; 2. 捏; 3. 形成(性格);陶冶,训练(人格)
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    mold spore 霉菌孢子
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    over the counter 非处方
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    over-the-counter medication 非处方药◆【略】OTC
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    pet dander 宠物皮屑
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    pollen 花粉【名词】孢粉,花粉管
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    skin 皮肤【名词】肌肤,皮,肤,护肤,表皮,肤色
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    skin test 皮肤反应测验(过敏试验)
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    sneeze 打喷嚏【名词】打喷嚏,喷嚏(声);轻视; 【不及物动词】打喷嚏
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    spore 孢子【名词】1.【生物学】孢子;胚种; 2. (事物的)根源,原因;【不及物动词】长孢子
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    springing 雨后春笋
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    symptom 症状【名词】征兆,征候;征兆
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    temperature 温度【名词】1. 气温; 2. 体温; 3. (口语)发烧,高烧
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    tip-off 密报【名词】1. 警告; 2. 预先告诉的消息,暗示; 3. (篮球赛开始时的)跳球
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    tipped off 通风报信
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    trigger 触发【名词】(枪的)扳机,触发器,引爆器【机械工程】扳柄,起动装置【化学】(连锁反应)引起物; 【及物动词】扳扳机,发动,触发; 【不及物动词】松开扳柄
  • watery eyes 水汪汪的大眼睛
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    wound 伤口【名词】伤,负伤,创伤;损害,损伤;屈辱;苦痛;(诗)恋爱的痛苦; 【及物动词】伤,伤害(人、感情等)
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