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Bacterial Infection Kills 18 People


ABC World News Tonight - March 4, 2016 卫生官员寻找脑膜脓毒性金黄杆菌爆发性感染的原因。 Health officials seek answers in U.S. Elizabethkingia outbreak.

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David Muir, Anchor, ABC World News Tonight: We turn now to an evolving health headline tonight. The CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) [is] on the scene, investigating the trail of a mysterious and deadly bacteria. ABC's Alex Perez [is] in Wisconsin:
Alex Perez, Reporter, ABC News: Tonight, a medical mystery: CDC disease detectives [are] hunting for the cause of an outbreak of a rare blood infection.
Dr. Nasia Safdar, Medical Director of Infection Control, UW Hospital: To have an outbreak of this magnitude is very unusual.
AP: Dr. Nasia Safdar has been tracking the outbreak of Elizabethkingia. States usually report 5-10 cases a year, but since November in southern Wisconsin, 44 cases. 18 people have died.
NS: If they are related, then we have to look for a common source. I mean, what is it that's common to all these 44 people that they got infected with Elizabethkingia?
AP: The victims, mostly 65 or older, many already sick with other illnesses. Symptoms include fever, shortness of breath and skin infection. The bacteria can survive in sinks in water. Most concerning for officials [is that] the victims are scattered across eleven counties, which makes pinpointing a cause even tougher. And David, the illness is treatable, but doctors say the bacteria is resistant to many antibiotics, so early detection is critical. David?..(DM: Alex, thank you.)

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
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    antibiotic 【形容词】抗菌的; 抗生作用的; 抗菌素的【名词】抗生素;抗菌素
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    bacteria 细菌【名词】1. 细菌; 2. (美俚)拳击迷
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    blood 血液【名词】1. 血,血液;生命液; 2. 血族,血统;种族;家族(关系);家世;门第;名门,门阀;贵族血统; 3. 生命,活力;元气; 4. 流血,杀戮,杀人(罪),牺牲; 5. 血气;气质,气性,脾气;热情;激怒;肉欲;兽欲; 6. (主英)血气方刚的人;花花公子,纨袴子; 7. (集合词)人员; 8. (树木、果子等的)赤色汁液;(美俚)蕃茄酱; 9. (马的)纯种
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    blood infection 血行感染
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    breath 呼吸【名词】1. 气息,呼吸; 2. 呼吸力;生命; 3. 一息,一气,一口气;微风;声息,微音;低语,喃喃;气味;香气(的漂动); 4. 一瞬间;休止,小歇; 5. 迹象,表示; 6. 【语音】无声音,气音; 7. 琐事,小事; 8. (美俚)洋葱
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    common source 共同的来源
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    county 县【名词】1. (英国)郡; 2. (英国)郡中世家,郡中社交频繁的阶层;全郡居民; 3. (美国)县
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    critical 【形容词】1.关键性的,决定性的 2. 危险的,危急的;严重的 3. 批判的,批评的 4. 吹毛求疵的;爱挑剔别人的 (of, about)【医学】危象的;极期的 【数,物】临界的
  • deadly bacteria 致命的细菌
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    detection 检测【名词】1. 探知;发现,发觉;败露; 2. 【化学】检定,检查;【电讯】检波
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    director 主管【名词】1. 指挥者,监督人,管理人; 总监;院长;所长;主任 2.理事,董事;经理 3. 【戏剧】导演【音乐】指挥 4. 引向器; 指示器; 导向偶极子
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    disease 【名词】1. 病,疾病;【植物】病害 2. (精神等的)病态,弊病 3. (酒等的)变质;(食物等的)腐败
  • disease control 疾病控制
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    early detection 早期检测
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    Elizabethkingia 脑膜脓毒性金黄杆菌
  • evolve 【及物/不及物动词】发展; 演变; 进化形成
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    evolving health headline 不断有新进展的健康新闻头条
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
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    fever 发烧【名词】1. 发热,发烧;热度; 2. 热病; 3. 狂热;兴奋; 【及物动词】1. 使发烧;使患热病; 2. 使兴奋[发狂]
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    headline 标题 【名词】1. (报刊新闻等的)大字标题;(书籍的)页头标题; 2. 新闻广播摘要; 标题 【及物动词】1. 加标题于; 2. 大肆宣传; 3. 演出中担任(要角)
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    hospital 医院【名词】院,住院
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    illness 病症【名词】病,不健康
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    infect 【及物动词】1. 【医学】传染,侵染,感染; 2. 使受影响,感染; 3. 使腐化
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    infection 感染【名词】1. 传染,感染,侵染; 2. 传染病,染毒物; 3. 影响;感染
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    infection control 感染控制
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    investigate 调查,研究,审查; 作调查,研究,审查
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    investigating the trail 调查线索
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    magnitude 【名词】广大,巨大;伟大,重大,重要性【数学】量值;【天文学】(恒星的)等级
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    Medical Director 医务主任
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    medical mystery 医学之谜
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    mysterious and deadly bacteria 神秘且致命的细菌
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    official 官方 【形容词】1. 职务上的,公务上的,官员的,公的;担任官[公]职的; 2. (出自)官方的,法定的,公认的,正式的; 3. 官气十足的;讲究形式的。; 4. 依据药典(配制)的;收入药典的; 【名词】1. 官员,行政人员,高级职员; 2. 宗教法庭法官; 3. 【运】裁判
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    on the scene 在受影响的地区
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    outbreak 【名词】1. (疾病、虫害等的)突然蔓延,突然发生 2. (战争、怒气等的)爆发 3. 暴动,骚扰;反抗
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    pinpoint vt. 查明;精确地找到;准确描述 adj. 精确的;详尽的 n. 针尖;精确位置;极小之物
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    prevention 【名词】1. 预防;预防法 2. 阻止; 妨碍
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    rare blood infection 罕见的血液感染
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    resistant 【形容词】抵抗的;耐久的,耐药的 【名词】耐药性;抵抗者;防染剂,防腐剂
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    scatter 散点图【及物动词】1. 散布,撒(种),散播; 2. 使散乱;逐散,驱散,击溃;使化为乌有,摧毁(希望等);消除(恐怖等); 3.【物、军】扩散,散射(光、热等); 4. 挥霍,浪费(财产);【不及物动词】1. 分散; 2. 四散,溃散; 3. 扩散;(子弹炮火等)散射
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    scattered across eleven counties 分散于11个县
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    shortness of breath 呼吸急促; 呼吸浅短; 气促
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    sink 水槽;水池
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    skin 皮肤【名词】肌肤,皮,肤,护肤,表皮,肤色
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    skin infection 皮肤感染
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    source 源【名词】1. 源头,水源,源泉; 2. 根源,本源;来源; 3. 原因;出处;原始资料; 4. 提供消息的人; 5. 血统;【及物动词】(美国)从(他处)获得(原料、零部件等)
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    survive 生存【及物动词】在…之后还活着,比…长命;经受得住;得免于(难),从(灾难等)中得救;经历(灾难后)还活着;【不及物动词】还活着,活下去,未死;残存
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    symptom 症状【名词】征兆,征候;征兆
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    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 美国疾病预防控制中心◆【略】CDC
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    victim 【名】1.〔人による暴力の〕被害者; 2.〔戦争や災害の〕犠牲者、被災者; 3.〔詐欺の〕かも、餌食; 4.〔宗教儀式の〕いけにえ、人身御供
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