Wechat logo 50 41 d4bae92fc2b9067675bfee08d2b00834882415940f50456376420c2e77a679ac
返回

U.S. & Brazil Seek Zika Vaccine


CBS This Morning - February 23, 2016 CDC调查人员在巴西研究兹卡病毒与小头症的关联性。 CDC investigators in Brazil are examining the possible link between Zika and microcephaly.

点击高亮查看翻译

Charlie Rose, Anchor, CBS This Morning: A team of CDC investigators (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) this morning is in Brazil. The group is examining the possible link between Zika and the birth defect microcephaly. Washington State yesterday reported its first case of the virus. That means at least 93 travel-related Zika cases are now documented in the United States. Omar Villafranca visited the Texas lab[oratory] spearheading the research to find a vaccine. He is in Dallas [Texas]. Omar, good morning!
Omar Villafranca, Reporter, CBS This Morning: Good morning. After a rain, standing water like this is a breeding ground for mosquitoes, and here in Dallas, they won't start spraying to kill the mosquitoes until the spring. But there is a laboratory in Galveston, Texas, that's working with the Brazilian government to come up with the vaccine for Zika. Scientists there have been studying the virus for decades, and were among the first to warn of the potential dangers of Zika back in 2009. The dirty white powder in this glass vial is the Zika virus...(RT: We have a sample of it.)...Dr. Robert Tesh of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has known about Zika since the 1960s.
Dr. Robert Tesh, Pathologist, University of Texas Medical Branch: Until the virus really got to Brazil and there were a lot of cases, nobody really was interested in Zika...(OV: Times have changed.)...Times have changed. And now, we realize how much we don't know.
OV: In the last year, research has ramped up due to an explosion of outbreaks in Central [America] and South America. Tesh says scientists have learned more about Zika in the last two months than they have in almost 70 years. And a year ago, how many people were calling and asking for Zika...(RT: Never.)...No one?...(RT: No one.)...Zika may be linked to the birth defect microcephaly. The condition is marked by abnormally small heads in babies due to stunted brain growth. Brazil is Ground Zero in the fight against Zika...(SR: We got to see the people that were being affected...)...where Dr. Shannon Rossi recently traveled and saw first-hand the devastating effects of the virus. Did you learn anything in the field about Zika that you wouldn't learn here in a lab[oratory]?
Dr. Shannon Rossi, Pathologist, University of Texas Medical Branch: I don't always think about the human toll; not when I'm so wrapped up in my own little microcosm on the [laboratory] bench. And so, to take time out and to really see what's going on with the humans, the mothers, the children, the entire families that are affected by this, is absolutely...it's heartbreaking and it's critical, I think.
OV: The University of Texas Medical Branch is home to one of the world's largest collections of viruses. Nearly 7,000 samples are stored at the facility. With the focus now on Zika, Rossi and a team of scientists are working on a quick test to detect the virus in humans, and eventually, develop a vaccine. Are we closer to a vaccine?
SR: Yes. Every single day that people like me and my fellow colleagues are on the [laboratory] bench, we're one step closer to a vaccine...(SW: We sort of go from crisis to crisis...)
OV: In 2009, scientist Scott Weaver warned Zika, among other mosquito-borne viruses, could make its way to the U.S. Today, he says, finding the solution is going to take time and research money.
Dr. Scott Weaver, Director, Institute for Human Infections and Immunity, UTMB: We need to develop better and faster ways to develop products like vaccines, and we've got to try to get ahead of these viruses.
OV: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) says a Zika vaccine could be ready by the end of 2017. Infectious disease doctors are always keeping an eye out for the next possible epidemic, and with all this talk of Zika, scientists that we talked to say the flu bug, which kills thousands of Americans every year, is still at the top of their list. Norah?
Norah O'Donnell, Anchor, CBS This Morning: Got it! Omar, thank you so much!

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    abnormal 异常【形容词】异常的;不规则的,变态的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    abnormally small heads in babies 婴儿异常小的头
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    absolutely 当然可以
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    birth 出生【名词】诞生,生育,降生,分娩,生,亲生,出身,先天
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    birth defect 先天性缺陷
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    brain 大脑【名词】1. 脑,(pl.)脑髓;(俚语)计算机;(导弹的)制导系统; 2. (常 pl.)智力,智能,智慧,脑力;头脑; 3. (口语)聪明人;(口语)(pl.)智囊,出谋划策者
  • brain growth 大脑发育
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    branching 【名词】分枝[作用]
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    breed 【不及物动词】1. (动物)生产,下崽,下蛋 2. 怀胎 3. 繁殖;育种; 4. 产生;滋生 【及物动词】1. 产(子),下(崽),下(蛋); 2. 孵(卵);怀(胎); 3. 繁殖,饲养; 4. 抚养;培育 5. 产生,滋生;酿成 【名词】1. 【遗传】品种; 2. 种族,血统,家系; 3. 种类,群,集团
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    breeding ground for mosquitoes 蚊子的滋生地
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    colleague 同事【名词】同事,同行
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    conditioning 调理
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    crisis 危机【名词】1. 危急关头,紧要关头;(政治、经济上的)危机,危局;恐慌;激变; 2. 【医学】转变期,骤退;临界;危象; 3. 【剧、影】危急情节,转折点
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    critical 【形容词】1.关键性的,决定性的 2. 危险的,危急的;严重的 3. 批判的,批评的 4. 吹毛求疵的;爱挑剔别人的 (of, about)【医学】危象的;极期的 【数,物】临界的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    decade 十年;十年期;十年间
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    defect 缺陷【名词】1. 缺陷,缺点,弱点;短处; 2. 不足,缺乏; 【不及物动词】叛变;逃走
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    detect 检测【及物动词】1. 发觉,发现,看破; 2. 【化学】检定;【无线电】检波
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    devastating 毁灭性的;破坏性的;使人震惊的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    devastating effect 灾难性后果
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    director 主管【名词】1. 指挥者,监督人,管理人; 总监;院长;所长;主任 2.理事,董事;经理 3. 【戏剧】导演【音乐】指挥 4. 引向器; 指示器; 导向偶极子
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    dirty white powder 肮脏的白色粉末
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    disease 【名词】1. 病,疾病;【植物】病害 2. (精神等的)病态,弊病 3. (酒等的)变质;(食物等的)腐败
  • disease control 疾病控制
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    documented 记录的; 有案可查
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    epidemic 【名词】1. 流行病,传染病;疫情,瘟疫 2. (风尚等的)流行;(流行病的)蔓延 【形容词】1. 传染病; 2. 流行性的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    eventually develop 最终发展
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    examine 【及物动词】1. 检查,细查; 仔细观察 2. (估价健康状况或确诊病因而)检查 3. 查问,调查 4. 或考试,测验 5. 【法律】审查,审讯 6. 【医】送交剖检【不及物动词】进行检查(或审查、调查、考试); 讯问
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    explosion 爆炸【名词】1. 爆炸,炸裂;爆炸声; 2. 扩张,激增;(感情等的)爆发; 3. 【语言学】爆破
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    explosion of outbreaks 疫情流行激增
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
  • eye 眼【名词】眼睛,眼部,眼球,眼神,眼科,目光,眼光,视线,注意
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    fellow colleague 同行的同事
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    first-hand 第一手
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    glass vial 玻璃小瓶
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    goings on 举动;行为;发生的事情
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    government 政府【名词】港府
  • grinding 研磨
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Ground Zero 着地点;零地带
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    heartbreaking 令人心碎的;悲伤难忍
  • homing 1. 细胞归巢; 2. 自动导引的,有返回性的
  • human infection 人感染
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    human toll 人员损失
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    immunity 免疫【名词】1. (税等的)免除; 豁免; 2. 免疫力,免疫性
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    in the field 在受影响地区
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    infection 感染【名词】1. 传染,感染,侵染; 2. 传染病,染毒物; 3. 影响;感染
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    infectious 【形容词】1. 传染的,传染性的; 2. 易传染的 3. 有坏影响的,有损害的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    infectious disease 传染病
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    infectious disease doctor 传染病医师
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    influenza 流行性感冒【名词】流感,甲型流感,感冒
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    influenza virus 流感病毒
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    institute 研究所【名词】1. 协会,学会;学院,专科大学;(学院附设的)研究所; 2. 讲习会;(短期)训练班; 3. 会址,院址,校址,所址; 4. 原则,规则,惯例; 5. (给初学者用的法律、医学等的)浅说,(公认的)基本原理; 【及物动词】1. 设,设立,制定; 2. 实行,创立,开始; 3. 任命,【宗教】授…以圣职
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    interest 利益【名词】兴趣,利息,感兴趣,权益,利率,趣味,关注,关心,爱好
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    investigator 研究者,调查者,侦查员
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    keep an eye out 密切注意
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    laboratory 实验室【名词】1. 实验室,化验室,研究室; 2. 炉房; 3. 化学工厂;药厂; 4. 实验课
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    laboratory bench 实验台;实验实操作台
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    marking 标识【名词】1. 作记号;记分;记号,印记,点;(尤指鸟兽的皮、羽毛等的)斑纹,条纹; 2. 【商业】(支票的)认付; 【形容词】赋与特征的,使显眼的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    microcephaly 小头畸形; 又称小头症
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    microcosm 微观世界
  • morning after 上午之后
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    mosquito-borne 蚊虫叮咬方式传播
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    national institute 国家研究所; 国家研究机构
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    National Institutes of Health 美国国立卫生研究院◆【略】NIH
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    next possible epidemic 下一个可能的疫情
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    one of the world's largest collections of viruses 世界上最大的病毒样本收藏之一
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    one step closer 更加接近一步
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    outbreak 【名词】1. (疾病、虫害等的)突然蔓延,突然发生 2. (战争、怒气等的)爆发 3. 暴动,骚扰;反抗
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    pathologist 病理学医师; 病理学家
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    possible link 可能的关联
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    potential 潜力【形容词】1. 可能的;【语法】可能语气的; 2. 潜在的;有潜势的;【物理学】位的,势的; 3. (罕用语)有力的; 【名词】1. 可能(性);【语法】可能语气; 2. 潜在力;潜势;【物理学】位,势;电势,电位
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    potential danger 潜在的危险
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    potential dangers of Zika 兹卡病毒可能的危险性
  • powder 粉【名词】粉末,粉体,火药,散,粉料,微粉,粉状,干粉
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    prevention 【名词】1. 预防;预防法 2. 阻止; 妨碍
  • ramping 斜坡
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    research has ramped up 研究已经日益上升
  • research money 研究资金
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    scientist 科学家
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    solution 解决方案【名词】1. 溶解;溶液,溶体,溶剂; 2. (补轮胎用的)橡胶水;(美国)药水; 3. 解决,解答; 解释;(数学等的)解法,解式; 4. 免除,解除; 5.【医学】消散,消退
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    spearhead 【名词】先锋;矛头,尖端【及物动词】带头;做先锋
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    spray 喷雾【名词】喷,喷涂,喷淋,喷射,喷雾剂,喷塑,喷洒,浪花,雾化,雾
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    springing 雨后春笋
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    stunted brain growth 受阻的大脑发育
  • team of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigators 一组美国疾病控制与预防中心的调查人员◆【略】CDC
  • team of scientists 科学家团队;科学家小组
  • toll 收费【名词】隧道费,通行费,缴费,人数,代价
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 美国疾病预防控制中心◆【略】CDC
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    vaccine 疫苗【名词】1. 疫苗,牛痘苗;菌苗; 2. 【计算机】免疫程序软件,抗病毒软件
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    vial 小瓶【名词】玻璃瓶,药瓶,瓶,试管,瓶子
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    virus 病毒【名词】1. 病毒 2. (病毒引起的)病毒病 3.毒液; 恶意,恶毒 4.计算机病毒
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    warning 【名词】1. 警告,警报;警戒;训诫 2. 预告,通知 3. 号召 4. 殷鉴;前兆
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Washington 华盛顿 (特指华盛顿的政治圈)◆ Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia)
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Washington State 华盛顿州
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    zero in 在零
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    Zika virus 茲卡(Zika)病毒
Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615