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Desperate Zika Virus Fight


ABC World News Tonight - January 30, 2016 巴西人试图阻止引起严重出生缺陷的病毒。 Brazilians try to stop virus causing severe birth defects.

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Cecila Vega, Anchor, ABC World News Tonight: Inside the desperate battle against the Zika virus, here at home, [there are] reports of 36 people contracting the disease in a dozen states, four of them pregnant women. But tonight, the urgent fight to stop the epidemic at its source, and that is where we find ABC's Chief Health and Medical Editor, Dr. Richard Besser:
Dr. Richard Besser, Health and Medical Editor, ABC News: Door-to-door, here in Recife, Brazil, they're desperate to blunt the explosive growth of Zika. There's no vaccine [and] no treatment. All we know is mosquitoes carry it, so soldiers are scouring neighborhoods. There's a government requirement that every house in this area is visited at least once a month by the soldiers to look for any place a mosquito could breed. They are meticulous. He's even looking to see where the water drains out of the refrigerator - the condensation. That's all it would take for mosquitoes to breed. In these sprawling shantytowns, residents store fresh water in large, often neglected tanks, with mosquito larvae like this. Soldiers sanitize each tank to kill the eggs. And at this clinic, we see first-hand why the stakes are so high.
Dr. Camilla Ventura, Ophthalmologist, Altino Ventura Hospital: This is scary. We are dealing with a disease that we have no information about.
RB: These babies have microcephaly - abnormally-small heads and brains. There are hundreds of cases here in Recife [and] more than 4,000 in Brazil. Scientists suspect they are directly connected to a Zika virus infection during pregnancy, but we don't know how. Health officials are bracing for more, while mothers here struggle to plan an uncertain future for their babies. Until Zika virus is under control in Brazil and the other countries in which it's spreading, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) says it's far too dangerous for pregnant women to travel to those areas. They should stay home.

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    abnormal 异常【形容词】异常的;不规则的,变态的
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    abnormally small heads and brains 异常小的头颅和脑
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    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
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    blunt 钝【形容词】1. (刀等)钝,不快的,不锋利的,无锋刀的;(笔尖等)无尖锋的; 2. (感觉等)迟钝的;愚钝的; 3. 粗卤的,直率的,干脆的;呆板的; 【名词】1. 短粗的针[雪茄烟等]; 2. 钝器; 3. (俚语)现金,现钞; 【及物动词】1. 把…弄钝,使失锋刃; 2. 使变愚钝;使受挫,减弱
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    brace 【名词】1. 支柱,支持物【机械工程】撑臂,拉条;曲柄,把【医学】支架;(pl.)(牙齿)矫正器【矿物】支撑;坚坑口,井口; 2. 【印刷】大括弧;(即{ })【航海】转帆索; 3. (pl.)(英国)(裤子)背带(=(美国)suspenders)
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    brain 大脑【名词】1. 脑,(pl.)脑髓;(俚语)计算机;(导弹的)制导系统; 2. (常 pl.)智力,智能,智慧,脑力;头脑; 3. (口语)聪明人;(口语)(pl.)智囊,出谋划策者
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    breed 【不及物动词】1. (动物)生产,下崽,下蛋 2. 怀胎 3. 繁殖;育种; 4. 产生;滋生 【及物动词】1. 产(子),下(崽),下(蛋); 2. 孵(卵);怀(胎); 3. 繁殖,饲养; 4. 抚养;培育 5. 产生,滋生;酿成 【名词】1. 【遗传】品种; 2. 种族,血统,家系; 3. 种类,群,集团
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    Chief Health and Medical Editor 首席卫生和医学编辑
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    clinic 诊所【名词】1. 临床讲授;临床实习课; 2. 诊所;门诊部; 3. 特殊病例分析;会诊
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    condensation 冷凝;凝结
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    contract 合同【名词】1. 契约,合同; 2. 婚约; 3. 承包(合约); 4. 【法律】契约法; 5. 【牌戏】定约,合约桥牌; 【及物动词】1. 订(约),立(合同);约定; 2. 订婚(通例用被动语态),把…许配给; 3. 结交(朋友等); 4. 招,患(病),染(恶习); 5. 负债; 【不及物动词】订约;订婚;承包
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    desperate 绝望 【形容词】1. 不顾死活的,拼命的; 2. 悲观失望的,穷途末路的,无可救药的; 3. 猛烈的,厉害的; 4. 极想得到的
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    desperate battle 急切抵御
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    disease 【名词】1. 病,疾病;【植物】病害 2. (精神等的)病态,弊病 3. (酒等的)变质;(食物等的)腐败
  • disease control 疾病控制
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    drain 排水【名词】流失,排水管,排水沟,漏,下水道,排泄,吸取,消耗,排放
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    during pregnancy 妊娠期间
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    editor 编辑器【名词】1. 编者,编辑;校刊者;校订者; 2. 影片剪辑装置; 3. 社论撰写人 (=(美国) editorial writer)
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    epidemic 【名词】1. 流行病,传染病;疫情,瘟疫 2. (风尚等的)流行;(流行病的)蔓延 【形容词】1. 传染病; 2. 流行性的
  • explosive growth 爆炸式增长
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
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    finding 【名词】1.发现,发现物,调查的结果,研究结果; 2. 裁决,定罪 【动词原形】find
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    first-hand 第一手
  • fresh water 淡水
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    government 政府【名词】港府
  • government requirement 政府的要求
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    health official 卫生官员
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    health officials are bracing 卫生官员在准备应付
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    here at home 在家
  • homing 1. 细胞归巢; 2. 自动导引的,有返回性的
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    hospital 医院【名词】院,住院
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    housing 壳体; 住房
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    infection 感染【名词】1. 传染,感染,侵染; 2. 传染病,染毒物; 3. 影响;感染
  • infection during pregnancy 怀孕期间感染
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    know-how 知识
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    large, often-neglected tanks 通常被遗弃的大容器
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    Medical Editor 医学编辑
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    meticulous 【形容词】1. 严谨的;细致的;明察秋毫的 1. 小心翼翼的;拘泥小节的
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    microcephaly 小头畸形; 又称小头症
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    mosquito larvae 蚊子幼虫;孑孓
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    neglect 忽略【及物动词】轻忽,玩忽;轻视,忽视,无视,不愿;忽略;漏做;不…; 【名词】疏忽;忽略;玩忽,轻忽;轻视,忽视
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    official 官方 【形容词】1. 职务上的,公务上的,官员的,公的;担任官[公]职的; 2. (出自)官方的,法定的,公认的,正式的; 3. 官气十足的;讲究形式的。; 4. 依据药典(配制)的;收入药典的; 【名词】1. 官员,行政人员,高级职员; 2. 宗教法庭法官; 3. 【运】裁判
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    once a month 一个月一次
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    ophthalmologist 眼科医生【名词】眼科医师
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    pregnancy 怀孕【名词】1. 怀孕,妊娠;怀孕期;(事件等的)蕴酿; 2. (比喻)丰富,丰满;含蓄,(内容)充实,富有意义
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    pregnant 【形容词】1. 怀孕的; 怀胎的 2. 富有意义的
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    pregnant woman 孕妇;怀孕的女性
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    prevention 【名词】1. 预防;预防法 2. 阻止; 妨碍
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    refrigerator 冰箱【名词】(电)冰箱;致冷器,冷藏库;制冰机;冷冻机
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    resident 居民【名词】常驻,驻地,住院医生,住院医师,居住,驻留;常住【形容词】驻
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    sanitize 消毒【及物动词】1. 使卫生(如以灭菌、消毒方法); 2. 使免除有害的东西,使具有良好外观,使消除不良印象
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    scientist 科学家
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    scouring neighborhoods 彻底清洁居民区
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    see first-hand 直接看到
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    source 源【名词】1. 源头,水源,源泉; 2. 根源,本源;来源; 3. 原因;出处;原始资料; 4. 提供消息的人; 5. 血统;【及物动词】(美国)从(他处)获得(原料、零部件等)
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    sprawling shantytown 凌乱伸展的棚户区
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    stop the epidemic at its source 从源头阻断疫情
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    struggle 【名词】 挣扎,努力,拼搏,斗争; 【不及物动词】挣扎,努力,奋斗; 【及物动词】努力使得
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    suspected 怀疑【形容词】 (用作表语)可疑的
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    the stakes 赌注
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    the stakes are so high 事关紧要
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    treatment 【名词】1. 治疗;疗法;疗程 2. 对待;处理 3.评述
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    uncertain future 前途未卜的
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    United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 美国疾病预防控制中心◆【略】CDC
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    urgent fight 紧急抗击
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    vaccine 疫苗【名词】1. 疫苗,牛痘苗;菌苗; 2. 【计算机】免疫程序软件,抗病毒软件
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    virus 病毒【名词】1. 病毒 2. (病毒引起的)病毒病 3.毒液; 恶意,恶毒 4.计算机病毒
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    virus infection 病毒感染
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    Zika virus 茲卡(Zika)病毒
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    Zika virus infection 兹卡(Zika)病毒感染
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