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FDA Redefines "Healthy" & "Natural" Foods


NBC Nightly News - May 11, 2016 FDA拟定新指南将重新定义健康饮食理念。 The FDA has proposed new guidelines to redefine the concept of healthy eating.

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Lester Holt, Anchor, NBC Nightly News: If you're one of the millions of Americans who tries to eat healthy and prepare healthy meals for your family, you've probably wrestled with what is and is not "healthy". And it's not always easy to tell these days. The current FDA definitions (Food and Drug Administration) for healthy eating were written twenty years ago, and a lot has changed since then. Now, the feds are starting the process of redefining what "healthy" really means. Here's NBC's Tom Costello:
Tom Costello, Reporter, NBC News: How is it possible [that] a sugary cereal could be considered "healthy", but not almonds, avocados and salmon? Because the science of healthy eating has changed since the FDA wrote the current guidelines in the 1990s, when healthy foods had to meet five government criteria on fat, saturated fat, sodium, cholesterol, and nutrients. At a Whole Foods in Washington [D.C.] today, we met nutritionist Katherine Tallmadge.
Katherine Tallmadge, Nutritionist: We used to believe that sugary cereals were fine, as long as they were fortified with vitamins and minerals...(TC: Not anymore.)...Now, we want people to eat the whole food...whole grains.
TC: Now, the FDA is beginning the process of redefining what "healthy" means. Professor David Just is a food economist at Cornell [University].
Dr. David Just, Nutritionist, Cornell University: The simpler we can make it, the more we can make it very easy and accessible for the consumer, the more it actually ends up doing some good.
TC: Twenty-five years ago, the focus was on a low-fat diet, but we've since learned [that] some fats are actually good for you, and trans fats are now banned. Despite what the old guidelines say, we now know that almonds, salmon and avocados are healthy, but that glass of orange juice we thought was healthy, could be loaded with sugar. The turkey deli sandwich [is] likely coming with lots of salt, and low-fat yogurts and muffins [have] lots of sugar. For years, the FDA has also been under pressure to define what a "natural food" is, but in fact, there is no standard.
Urvashi Rangan, Director, Consumer Reports: And with no standards and no verification in place, that label can pretty much mean what any manufacturer or company wants it to mean.
TC: Now, defining what is "natural" and what is "healthy" is getting a 21st century makeover. Tom Costello, NBC News, Washington.
LH: Hey NBC News fans! Thanks for checking out our YouTube channel. Subscribe by clicking on that button down here, and click on any of the videos over here to watch the latest interviews, show highlights and digital exclusives. Thanks for watching!

  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    21st century makeover 21世纪的革新
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    accessible 【形容词】1. 能接近的,容易会见的; 2. 可以进入的;容易理解的; 3. 易受影响的; 4. 好相处的
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    administration 【名词】1. 管理,经营;行政 2. 行政机关,局[处、署];(A- 主美)政府; 3. 给与;施行; 4. 给药,(药的)服法; 5. 【军事】后方勤务; 6. 【法律】施行,执行
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    anchor 【名词】1. 锚;新闻主播 2. 桩; 支架; 依靠; 【不及物动词】1. 抛锚; 2. 停泊;固定; 【及物动词】1. 抛锚泊(船); 2. 把…固定住
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    ban 禁令; 禁忌【名词】;禁止; 查禁; 取缔【及物动词】
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    cholesterol 胆固醇;胆甾醇
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    consumer 【名词】1. 消费者,用户 2. 用电设备 3. 【生物学】消费有机体
  • Consumer Reports 消费者报告
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    criteria 标准【名词】(评判等的)标准,准则◆ criterion
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    current FDA definition 目前FDA的定义◆ Food and Drug Administration
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    current guideline 最新的指南
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    deli sandwich 熟食三明治
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    diet 饮食;节食
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    digital exclusive 数字化消息独家报道
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    director 主管【名词】1. 指挥者,监督人,管理人; 总监;院长;所长;主任 2.理事,董事;经理 3. 【戏剧】导演【音乐】指挥 4. 引向器; 指示器; 导向偶极子
  • drug administration 药品监督管理; 给药; 服药
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    drugged 【及物动词】用药麻醉;使服药;使服毒品
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    economist 经济学家 【名词】1. 经济学家; 2. (古语)节俭的人
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    ending up 结果是;最终; 终止于
  • Extracting Microarray Gene Expression Patterns and Identifying co-expressed Genes 提取微阵列基因表达模式和确认共表达基因◆【略】EPIG
  • fat diet 脂肪饮食
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    fine 罚款
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    food economist 食品经济学家;粮食经济学家
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    fortify 增强;强化
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    government 政府【名词】港府
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    government criteria 政府标准
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    guideline 准则【名词】指导方针
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    healthy eating 健康的饮食
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    highlight 突出显示【及物动词】在…上投上强光;强调,使显著;【美剧】派给;当主角; 【名词】(画中受光最多的)明亮部份;(常 pl.)(演出等的)精彩场面,精彩节目;(报纸中等)特讯,要闻;要点
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    in place 现有
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    interview 【名词】1. 接见;面谈;面试 2. (记者的)访问;采访 3. 口头审查 【及物动词】接见;会见;(记者)访谈
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    low-fat diet 低脂肪饮食
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    manufacturer 【名词】制造商; 生产厂家; 制造者
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    mineral 矿物【名词】 矿物;(口语)矿石;【化学】无机物; 【形容词】矿物(性)的;含矿物的;无机的
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    nutrient 【名词】营养物;滋养物;养分 【形容词】营养的,滋养的
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    nutritionist 营养学家【名词】营养师
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    pressure 压力【名词】压,气压,压强,高压,加压
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    professor 教授【名词】1. (大学)教授(略 Prof.);(男性)先生,老师; 2. (俚、谑)(魔术、拳击、跳舞等的)专家; 3. 声明者;自称者;表白信仰者; 4. (在酒吧间等处)下等场所弹奏钢琴者
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    redefine 重新定义【及物动词】定义
  • saturate 饱和
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    saturated fat 饱和脂肪
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    sodium 钠【名词】
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    standards 标准【名词】1. 标准,水准,规格,模范; 2. 旗;军旗,队旗;【徽章】标帜,标记;旗标,象征; 3.【植物;植物学】旗瓣; 4. 金[银]的纯度标准;(硬币的)法定纯度比例; 5. (度量衡的)原基;原器; 6. (英国)(小学的)学年,年级; 7. 直立支柱;灯台;烛台,电杆,垂直的水管(电管)
  • sugared 【形容词】加糖的; 甜蜜的
  • sugary 含糖
  • sugary cereal 含糖谷类
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    the Feds 联邦政府调查人员◆【略】Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
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    trans fat 反式脂肪
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    under pressure 在压力下
  • Sound e31a43d441998f862b764d17930467a5a23de45c433219259bed5eb42e3a7615
    verification 验证【名词】检定,核查,核实,校验,检验,确认,审核,认证,鉴定
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    vitamin 维生素【名词】维生素,维他命
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    Washington 华盛顿 (特指华盛顿的政治圈)◆ Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia)
  • whole food 整个食物
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    whole grain 全谷物
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    wrestle 角力;搏斗;摔跤
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